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Countries by Population: Palau (Palau)

CountryFlagPopulation
1China1,339,724,852
2India1,210,193,422
3United States of America313,820,000
4Indonesia237,424,363
5Brazil192,376,496
6Pakistan180,440,005
7Nigeria170,123,740
8Bangladesh158,570,535
9Russia143,200,000
10Japan126,659,683
11Mexico113,910,608
12Philippines92,337,852
13Vietnam87,840,000
14Ethiopia84,320,987
15Egypt82,000,000
16Germany81,799,600
17Turkey79,749,461
18Iran75,149,669
19Democratic Republic of the Congo71,712,867
20Thailand66,720,153
21France64,895,000
22United Kingdom62,262,000
23Italy60,483,000
24Burma60,280,000
25Korea, South50,004,441
26South Africa48,810,427
27Colombia46,366,364
28Spain46,081,574
29Ukraine45,888,000
30Tanzania43,188,000
31Kenya43,013,341
32Argentina41,281,631
33Poland38,186,860
34Algeria37,100,000
35Uganda35,873,253
36Canada34,853,000
37Morocco32,644,370
38Iraq31,129,225
39Sudan30,894,000
40Afghanistan29,835,392
41Uzbekistan29,559,100
42Peru29,496,000
43Nepal29,331,000
44Venezuela28,946,101
45Saudi Arabia28,376,355
46Malaysia28,334,135
47Yemen25,130,000
48Ghana24,233,431
49Korea, North24,051,218
50Mozambique23,400,000
51Taiwan23,261,747
52Australia22,665,296
53Syria22,530,746
54Madagascar21,926,221
55Ivory Coast20,617,068
56Sri Lanka20,277,000
57Cameroon19,100,000
58Romania19,043,767
59Angola18,498,000
60Chile17,402,630
61Netherlands17,034,544
62Kazakhstan16,600,000
63Niger16,274,738
64Burkina Faso15,730,977
65Ecuador15,223,680
66Malawi14,901,000
67Mali14,517,176
68Guatemala13,824,463
69Zambia13,092,666
70Senegal12,855,153
71Zimbabwe12,521,000
72Rwanda11,689,696
73Greece11,305,118
74Cuba11,241,161
75Belgium11,007,020
76Bolivia10,907,778
77Tunisia10,732,900
78Portugal10,638,000
79Czech Republic10,562,214
80Somalia10,085,638
81Guinea10,057,975
82Hungary10,014,324
83Haiti9,719,932
84Benin9,598,787
85Sweden9,514,406
86Belarus9,503,807
87Dominican Republic9,378,818
88Azerbaijan9,165,000
89Burundi8,749,000
90Austria8,414,638
91United Arab Emirates8,264,070
92South Sudan8,260,490
93Honduras8,249,574
94Switzerland7,952,600
95Israel7,900,600
96Tajikistan7,616,000
97Bulgaria7,364,570
98Serbia7,120,666
99Togo6,619,000
100Jordan6,508,271
101Laos6,500,000
102Paraguay6,454,548
103Papua New Guinea6,187,591
104El Salvador6,134,000
105Nicaragua5,891,199
106Eritrea5,824,000
107Libya5,670,688
108Kyrgyzstan5,550,239
109Denmark5,543,453
110Sierra Leone5,485,998
111Slovakia5,445,324
112Finland5,410,233
113Singapore5,183,700
114Turkmenistan5,125,693
115Norway5,033,675
116Ireland4,588,252
117Georgia4,469,200
118New Zealand4,430,400
119Central African Republic4,422,000
120Costa Rica4,301,712
121Lebanon4,224,000
122Bosnia and Herzegovina3,839,737
123Liberia3,786,764
124Kuwait3,566,437
125Moldova3,559,500
126Panama3,405,813
127Uruguay3,318,535
128Armenia3,262,200
129Lithuania3,182,755
130Mauritania3,069,000
131Albania2,831,741
132Oman2,773,479
133Mongolia2,754,685
134Latvia2,217,053
135Namibia2,100,000
136Lesotho2,067,000
137Slovenia2,060,382
138Macedonia2,058,539
139Botswana2,029,307
140Qatar1,853,563
141Guinea-Bissau1,647,000
142Gabon1,475,000
143Estonia1,340,194
144Mauritius1,291,456
145Bahrain1,234,571
146Trinidad and Tobago1,227,505
147Swaziland1,185,000
148Cyprus1,099,341
149Djibouti923,000
150Fiji849,000
151Guyana752,940
152Bhutan708,427
153Montenegro625,266
154Cape Verde567,000
155Suriname560,157
156Solomon Islands523,000
157Luxembourg509,074
158Malta452,515
159Brunei408,786
160Belize333,200
161Maldives328,536
162Iceland320,060
163Vanuatu224,564
164Samoa194,320
165São Tomé and Príncipe183,176
166Saint Lucia173,765
167Saint Vincent and the Grenadines120,000
168Federated States of Micronesia111,000
169Kiribati103,500
170Tonga103,036
171Andorra84,082
172Seychelles84,000
173Antigua and Barbuda81,799
174Dominica72,660
175Marshall Islands68,000
176Saint Kitts and Nevis51,300
177Monaco36,371
178Liechtenstein36,281
179San Marino32,404
180Palau20,956
181Anguilla13,600
182Tuvalu10,544
183Nauru9,378
184Vatican City832
Total6,883,830,427

Palau


Palau is an island country located in the western Pacific Ocean. Geographically part of the larger island group of Micronesia, with the country's population of around 21,000 people spread out over 250 islands forming the western chain of the Caroline Islands.

The islands share maritime boundaries with Indonesia, the Philippines, and the Federated States of Micronesia. The most populous island in the group is Koror, with the capital city, Ngerulmud, located on nearby Babeldaob.

The country was originally settled around 3,000 years ago by migrants from the Philippines, with a Negrito population sustained until around 900 years ago. The islands were first visited by Europeans in the 18th century, and were made part of the Spanish East Indies in 1885. Following Spain's defeat in the Spanish–American War in 1898, the islands were sold to Imperial Germany in 1899 under the terms of the German–Spanish Treaty, where they were administered as part of German New Guinea. The Imperial Japanese Navy conquered Palau during World War I, and the islands were later made a part of the Japanese-ruled South Pacific Mandate by the League of Nations. During World War II, skirmishes, including the major Battle of Peleliu, were fought between American and Japanese troops as part of the Mariana and Palau Islands campaign. Along with other Pacific Islands, Palau was made a part of the United States-governed Trust Territory of the Pacific Islands in 1947. Having voted against joining the newly-independent Federated States of Micronesia in 1979, the islands gained full sovereignty in 1994 under a Compact of Free Association with the United States.

Politically, Palau is a presidential republic in free association with the United States, with the US providing defense, funding, and access to social services. Legislative power is concentrated in the bicameral Palau National Congress. Palau's economy is based mainly on tourism, subsistence agriculture, and fishing, with a significant portion of Gross National Product (GNP) derived from foreign aid. The country's currency is the United States dollar. The islands' culture is derived from a mixture of Japanese, Micronesian, and Melanesian elements, with the majority of citizens of mixed Micronesian, Melanesian, and Austronesian descent, with significant groups descended from Japanese and Filipino settlers. The country's two official languages are Palauan, a member of the wider Sunda–Sulawesi language group, and English, with Japanese, Sonsorolese, and Tobian recognised as regional languages.
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