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Countries by Population: Mongolia (Mongolia)

CountryFlagPopulation
1China1,339,724,852
2India1,210,193,422
3United States of America313,820,000
4Indonesia237,424,363
5Brazil192,376,496
6Pakistan180,440,005
7Nigeria170,123,740
8Bangladesh158,570,535
9Russia143,200,000
10Japan126,659,683
11Mexico113,910,608
12Philippines92,337,852
13Vietnam87,840,000
14Ethiopia84,320,987
15Egypt82,000,000
16Germany81,799,600
17Turkey79,749,461
18Iran75,149,669
19Democratic Republic of the Congo71,712,867
20Thailand66,720,153
21France64,895,000
22United Kingdom62,262,000
23Italy60,483,000
24Burma60,280,000
25Korea, South50,004,441
26South Africa48,810,427
27Colombia46,366,364
28Spain46,081,574
29Ukraine45,888,000
30Tanzania43,188,000
31Kenya43,013,341
32Argentina41,281,631
33Poland38,186,860
34Algeria37,100,000
35Uganda35,873,253
36Canada34,853,000
37Morocco32,644,370
38Iraq31,129,225
39Sudan30,894,000
40Afghanistan29,835,392
41Uzbekistan29,559,100
42Peru29,496,000
43Nepal29,331,000
44Venezuela28,946,101
45Saudi Arabia28,376,355
46Malaysia28,334,135
47Yemen25,130,000
48Ghana24,233,431
49Korea, North24,051,218
50Mozambique23,400,000
51Taiwan23,261,747
52Australia22,665,296
53Syria22,530,746
54Madagascar21,926,221
55Ivory Coast20,617,068
56Sri Lanka20,277,000
57Cameroon19,100,000
58Romania19,043,767
59Angola18,498,000
60Chile17,402,630
61Netherlands17,034,544
62Kazakhstan16,600,000
63Niger16,274,738
64Burkina Faso15,730,977
65Ecuador15,223,680
66Malawi14,901,000
67Mali14,517,176
68Guatemala13,824,463
69Zambia13,092,666
70Senegal12,855,153
71Zimbabwe12,521,000
72Rwanda11,689,696
73Greece11,305,118
74Cuba11,241,161
75Belgium11,007,020
76Bolivia10,907,778
77Tunisia10,732,900
78Portugal10,638,000
79Czech Republic10,562,214
80Somalia10,085,638
81Guinea10,057,975
82Hungary10,014,324
83Haiti9,719,932
84Benin9,598,787
85Sweden9,514,406
86Belarus9,503,807
87Dominican Republic9,378,818
88Azerbaijan9,165,000
89Burundi8,749,000
90Austria8,414,638
91United Arab Emirates8,264,070
92South Sudan8,260,490
93Honduras8,249,574
94Switzerland7,952,600
95Israel7,900,600
96Tajikistan7,616,000
97Bulgaria7,364,570
98Serbia7,120,666
99Togo6,619,000
100Jordan6,508,271
101Laos6,500,000
102Paraguay6,454,548
103Papua New Guinea6,187,591
104El Salvador6,134,000
105Nicaragua5,891,199
106Eritrea5,824,000
107Libya5,670,688
108Kyrgyzstan5,550,239
109Denmark5,543,453
110Sierra Leone5,485,998
111Slovakia5,445,324
112Finland5,410,233
113Singapore5,183,700
114Turkmenistan5,125,693
115Norway5,033,675
116Ireland4,588,252
117Georgia4,469,200
118New Zealand4,430,400
119Central African Republic4,422,000
120Costa Rica4,301,712
121Lebanon4,224,000
122Bosnia and Herzegovina3,839,737
123Liberia3,786,764
124Kuwait3,566,437
125Moldova3,559,500
126Panama3,405,813
127Uruguay3,318,535
128Armenia3,262,200
129Lithuania3,182,755
130Mauritania3,069,000
131Albania2,831,741
132Oman2,773,479
133Mongolia2,754,685
134Latvia2,217,053
135Namibia2,100,000
136Lesotho2,067,000
137Slovenia2,060,382
138Macedonia2,058,539
139Botswana2,029,307
140Qatar1,853,563
141Guinea-Bissau1,647,000
142Gabon1,475,000
143Estonia1,340,194
144Mauritius1,291,456
145Bahrain1,234,571
146Trinidad and Tobago1,227,505
147Swaziland1,185,000
148Cyprus1,099,341
149Djibouti923,000
150Fiji849,000
151Guyana752,940
152Bhutan708,427
153Montenegro625,266
154Cape Verde567,000
155Suriname560,157
156Solomon Islands523,000
157Luxembourg509,074
158Malta452,515
159Brunei408,786
160Belize333,200
161Maldives328,536
162Iceland320,060
163Vanuatu224,564
164Samoa194,320
165São Tomé and Príncipe183,176
166Saint Lucia173,765
167Saint Vincent and the Grenadines120,000
168Federated States of Micronesia111,000
169Kiribati103,500
170Tonga103,036
171Andorra84,082
172Seychelles84,000
173Antigua and Barbuda81,799
174Dominica72,660
175Marshall Islands68,000
176Saint Kitts and Nevis51,300
177Monaco36,371
178Liechtenstein36,281
179San Marino32,404
180Palau20,956
181Anguilla13,600
182Tuvalu10,544
183Nauru9,378
184Vatican City832
Total6,883,830,427

Mongolia


Mongolia is a landlocked country in East and Central Asia. It is bordered by Russia to the north and China to the south, east and west. Although Mongolia does not share a border with Kazakhstan, its western-most point is only 38 kilometres from Kazakhstan's eastern tip.

Ulan Bator, the capital and largest city, is home to about 45% of the population. Mongolia's political system is a parliamentary republic.

The area of what is now Mongolia has been ruled by various nomadic empires, including the Xiongnu, the Xianbei, the Rouran, the Gökturks and others. The Mongol Empire was founded by Genghis Khan in 1206. After the collapse of the Yuan Dynasty, the Mongols returned to their earlier pattern of constant internal conflict and occasional raids on the Chinese borderlands.

In the 16th and 17th centuries, Mongolia came under the influence of Tibetan Buddhism. At the end of the 17th century, all of Mongolia had been incorporated into the area ruled by the Qing Dynasty. During the collapse of the Qing Dynasty in 1911, Mongolia declared independence, but had to struggle until 1921 to firmly establish de facto independence from the Republic of China, and until 1945 to gain international recognition.

The country came under strong Russian and Soviet influence; in 1924, the Mongolian People's Republic was declared, and Mongolian politics began to follow the same patterns as the Soviet politics of the time. After the breakdown of communist regimes in Eastern Europe in late 1989, Mongolia saw its own Democratic Revolution in early 1990, which led to a multi-party system, a new constitution in 1992, and transition to a market economy.

Mongolia is the 19th largest and the most sparsely populated independent country in the world, with a population of around 2.75 million people. It is also the world's second-largest landlocked country after Kazakhstan. The country contains very little arable land, as much of its area is covered by steppes, with mountains to the north and west and the Gobi Desert to the south. Approximately 30% of the population are nomadic or semi-nomadic.

The predominant religion in Mongolia is Tibetan Buddhism, and the majority of the state's citizens are of Mongol ethnicity, though Kazakhs, Tuvans, and other minorities also live in the country, especially in the west. About 20% of the population live on less than US$1.25 per day. Mongolia joined the World Trade Organization in 1997 and seeks to expand its participation in regional economic and trade regimes.
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