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Countries by Population: Mexico (Mexico)

CountryFlagPopulation
1China1,339,724,852
2India1,210,193,422
3United States of America313,820,000
4Indonesia237,424,363
5Brazil192,376,496
6Pakistan180,440,005
7Nigeria170,123,740
8Bangladesh158,570,535
9Russia143,200,000
10Japan126,659,683
11Mexico113,910,608
12Philippines92,337,852
13Vietnam87,840,000
14Ethiopia84,320,987
15Egypt82,000,000
16Germany81,799,600
17Turkey79,749,461
18Iran75,149,669
19Democratic Republic of the Congo71,712,867
20Thailand66,720,153
21France64,895,000
22United Kingdom62,262,000
23Italy60,483,000
24Burma60,280,000
25Korea, South50,004,441
26South Africa48,810,427
27Colombia46,366,364
28Spain46,081,574
29Ukraine45,888,000
30Tanzania43,188,000
31Kenya43,013,341
32Argentina41,281,631
33Poland38,186,860
34Algeria37,100,000
35Uganda35,873,253
36Canada34,853,000
37Morocco32,644,370
38Iraq31,129,225
39Sudan30,894,000
40Afghanistan29,835,392
41Uzbekistan29,559,100
42Peru29,496,000
43Nepal29,331,000
44Venezuela28,946,101
45Saudi Arabia28,376,355
46Malaysia28,334,135
47Yemen25,130,000
48Ghana24,233,431
49Korea, North24,051,218
50Mozambique23,400,000
51Taiwan23,261,747
52Australia22,665,296
53Syria22,530,746
54Madagascar21,926,221
55Ivory Coast20,617,068
56Sri Lanka20,277,000
57Cameroon19,100,000
58Romania19,043,767
59Angola18,498,000
60Chile17,402,630
61Netherlands17,034,544
62Kazakhstan16,600,000
63Niger16,274,738
64Burkina Faso15,730,977
65Ecuador15,223,680
66Malawi14,901,000
67Mali14,517,176
68Guatemala13,824,463
69Zambia13,092,666
70Senegal12,855,153
71Zimbabwe12,521,000
72Rwanda11,689,696
73Greece11,305,118
74Cuba11,241,161
75Belgium11,007,020
76Bolivia10,907,778
77Tunisia10,732,900
78Portugal10,638,000
79Czech Republic10,562,214
80Somalia10,085,638
81Guinea10,057,975
82Hungary10,014,324
83Haiti9,719,932
84Benin9,598,787
85Sweden9,514,406
86Belarus9,503,807
87Dominican Republic9,378,818
88Azerbaijan9,165,000
89Burundi8,749,000
90Austria8,414,638
91United Arab Emirates8,264,070
92South Sudan8,260,490
93Honduras8,249,574
94Switzerland7,952,600
95Israel7,900,600
96Tajikistan7,616,000
97Bulgaria7,364,570
98Serbia7,120,666
99Togo6,619,000
100Jordan6,508,271
101Laos6,500,000
102Paraguay6,454,548
103Papua New Guinea6,187,591
104El Salvador6,134,000
105Nicaragua5,891,199
106Eritrea5,824,000
107Libya5,670,688
108Kyrgyzstan5,550,239
109Denmark5,543,453
110Sierra Leone5,485,998
111Slovakia5,445,324
112Finland5,410,233
113Singapore5,183,700
114Turkmenistan5,125,693
115Norway5,033,675
116Ireland4,588,252
117Georgia4,469,200
118New Zealand4,430,400
119Central African Republic4,422,000
120Costa Rica4,301,712
121Lebanon4,224,000
122Bosnia and Herzegovina3,839,737
123Liberia3,786,764
124Kuwait3,566,437
125Moldova3,559,500
126Panama3,405,813
127Uruguay3,318,535
128Armenia3,262,200
129Lithuania3,182,755
130Mauritania3,069,000
131Albania2,831,741
132Oman2,773,479
133Mongolia2,754,685
134Latvia2,217,053
135Namibia2,100,000
136Lesotho2,067,000
137Slovenia2,060,382
138Macedonia2,058,539
139Botswana2,029,307
140Qatar1,853,563
141Guinea-Bissau1,647,000
142Gabon1,475,000
143Estonia1,340,194
144Mauritius1,291,456
145Bahrain1,234,571
146Trinidad and Tobago1,227,505
147Swaziland1,185,000
148Cyprus1,099,341
149Djibouti923,000
150Fiji849,000
151Guyana752,940
152Bhutan708,427
153Montenegro625,266
154Cape Verde567,000
155Suriname560,157
156Solomon Islands523,000
157Luxembourg509,074
158Malta452,515
159Brunei408,786
160Belize333,200
161Maldives328,536
162Iceland320,060
163Vanuatu224,564
164Samoa194,320
165São Tomé and Príncipe183,176
166Saint Lucia173,765
167Saint Vincent and the Grenadines120,000
168Federated States of Micronesia111,000
169Kiribati103,500
170Tonga103,036
171Andorra84,082
172Seychelles84,000
173Antigua and Barbuda81,799
174Dominica72,660
175Marshall Islands68,000
176Saint Kitts and Nevis51,300
177Monaco36,371
178Liechtenstein36,281
179San Marino32,404
180Palau20,956
181Anguilla13,600
182Tuvalu10,544
183Nauru9,378
184Vatican City832
Total6,883,830,427

Mexico


Mexico is a federal constitutional republic in North America. It is bordered on the north by the United States of America; on the south and west by the Pacific Ocean; on the southeast by Guatemala, Belize, and the Caribbean Sea; and on the east by the Gulf of Mexico.

Covering almost two million square kilometres, Mexico is the fifth largest country in the Americas by total area and the thirteenth largest independent nation in the world. With an estimated population of over 113 million, it is the eleventh most populous country and the most populous Spanish-speaking country. Mexico is a federation comprising thirty-one states and a Federal District, the capital city.

In Pre-Columbian Mexico many cultures matured into advanced civilizations such as the Olmec, the Toltec, the Teotihuacan, the Zapotec, the Maya and the Aztec before the first contact with Europeans. In 1521, Spain conquered and colonized the territory from its base in México-Tenochtitlan, which was administered as the Viceroyalty of New Spain. This territory would eventually become Mexico as the colony's independence was recognized in 1821.

The post-independence period was characterized by economic instability, the Mexican-American War and territorial cession to the United States, a civil war, two empires and a domestic dictatorship. The latter led to the Mexican Revolution in 1910, which culminated with the promulgation of the 1917 Constitution and the emergence of the country's current political system. Elections held in July 2000 marked the first time that an opposition party won the presidency from the Institutional Revolutionary Party. Since 2006 the country has been in the midst of a drug war which has claimed 60,000 lives.

Mexico has one of the world's largest economies, and is considered both a regional power and middle power. In addition, Mexico was the first Latin American member of the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development OECD (since 1994), and considered an upper-middle income country by the World Bank.

Mexico is considered a newly industrialized country and an emerging power. It has the thirteenth largest nominal GDP and the eleventh largest by purchasing power parity. The economy is strongly linked to those of its North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) partners, especially the United States. Mexico ranks sixth in the world and first in the Americas by number of UNESCO World Heritage Sites with 31, and in 2007 was the tenth most visited country in the world with 21.4 million international arrivals per year.

The country has the largest Spanish-speaking population in the world with almost a third of all Spanish native speakers.

Mexico is home to a large number of indigenous languages, spoken by some 5.4% of the population – 1.2% of the population are monolingual speakers of an indigenous language. The indigenous languages with most speakers are Nahuatl, spoken by approximately 1,45 million people, Yukatek Maya spoken by some 750,000 people and the Mixtec and Zapotec languages each spoken by more than 400,000 people. The National Institute of Indigenous Languages INALI recognizes 68 linguistic groups and some 364 different specific varieties of indigenous languages.

Since the promulgation of the Law of Indigenous Linguistic Rights in 2003, these languages have had status as national languages, with equal validity with Spanish in all the areas and contexts in which they are spoken.

In addition to the indigenous languages other minority languages are spoken by immigrant populations such as the 80,000 German-speaking Mennonites in Mexico. And 5,000 the Chipilo dialect of the Venetian language spoken in Chipilo, Puebla.
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