population_for country_mg : page_travel_title Countries_World > population > country_mg



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page_travel_population_title: country_mg (Madagascar)

CountryFlagPopulation
1country_cn1,339,724,852
2country_in1,210,193,422
3country_us313,820,000
4country_id237,424,363
5country_br192,376,496
6country_pk180,440,005
7country_ng170,123,740
8country_bd158,570,535
9country_ru143,200,000
10country_jp126,659,683
11country_mx113,910,608
12country_ph92,337,852
13country_vn87,840,000
14country_et84,320,987
15country_eg82,000,000
16country_de81,799,600
17country_tr79,749,461
18country_ir75,149,669
19country_cd71,712,867
20country_th66,720,153
21country_fr64,895,000
22country_gb62,262,000
23country_it60,483,000
24country_mm60,280,000
25country_kr50,004,441
26country_za48,810,427
27country_co46,366,364
28country_es46,081,574
29country_ua45,888,000
30country_tz43,188,000
31country_ke43,013,341
32country_ar41,281,631
33country_pl38,186,860
34country_dz37,100,000
35country_ug35,873,253
36country_ca34,853,000
37country_ma32,644,370
38country_iq31,129,225
39country_sd30,894,000
40country_af29,835,392
41country_uz29,559,100
42country_pe29,496,000
43country_np29,331,000
44country_ve28,946,101
45country_sa28,376,355
46country_my28,334,135
47country_ye25,130,000
48country_gh24,233,431
49country_kp24,051,218
50country_mz23,400,000
51country_tw23,261,747
52country_au22,665,296
53country_sy22,530,746
54country_mg21,926,221
55country_ci20,617,068
56country_lk20,277,000
57country_cm19,100,000
58country_ro19,043,767
59country_ao18,498,000
60country_cl17,402,630
61country_nl17,034,544
62country_kz16,600,000
63country_ne16,274,738
64country_bf15,730,977
65country_ec15,223,680
66country_mw14,901,000
67country_ml14,517,176
68country_gt13,824,463
69country_zm13,092,666
70country_sn12,855,153
71country_zw12,521,000
72country_rw11,689,696
73country_gr11,305,118
74country_cu11,241,161
75country_be11,007,020
76country_bo10,907,778
77country_tn10,732,900
78country_pt10,638,000
79country_cz10,562,214
80country_so10,085,638
81country_gn10,057,975
82country_hu10,014,324
83country_ht9,719,932
84country_bj9,598,787
85country_se9,514,406
86country_by9,503,807
87country_do9,378,818
88country_az9,165,000
89country_bi8,749,000
90country_at8,414,638
91country_ae8,264,070
92country_ss8,260,490
93country_hn8,249,574
94country_ch7,952,600
95country_il7,900,600
96country_tj7,616,000
97country_bg7,364,570
98country_rs7,120,666
99country_tg6,619,000
100country_jo6,508,271
101country_la6,500,000
102country_py6,454,548
103country_pg6,187,591
104country_sv6,134,000
105country_ni5,891,199
106country_er5,824,000
107country_ly5,670,688
108country_kg5,550,239
109country_dk5,543,453
110country_sl5,485,998
111country_sk5,445,324
112country_fi5,410,233
113country_sg5,183,700
114country_tm5,125,693
115country_no5,033,675
116country_ie4,588,252
117country_ge4,469,200
118country_nz4,430,400
119country_cf4,422,000
120country_cr4,301,712
121country_lb4,224,000
122country_ba3,839,737
123country_lr3,786,764
124country_kw3,566,437
125country_md3,559,500
126country_pa3,405,813
127country_uy3,318,535
128country_am3,262,200
129country_lt3,182,755
130country_mr3,069,000
131country_al2,831,741
132country_om2,773,479
133country_mn2,754,685
134country_lv2,217,053
135country_na2,100,000
136country_ls2,067,000
137country_si2,060,382
138country_mk2,058,539
139country_bw2,029,307
140country_qa1,853,563
141country_gw1,647,000
142country_ga1,475,000
143country_ee1,340,194
144country_mu1,291,456
145country_bh1,234,571
146country_tt1,227,505
147country_sz1,185,000
148country_cy1,099,341
149country_dj923,000
150country_fj849,000
151country_gy752,940
152country_bt708,427
153country_me625,266
154country_cv567,000
155country_sr560,157
156country_sb523,000
157country_lu509,074
158country_mt452,515
159country_bn408,786
160country_bz333,200
161country_mv328,536
162country_is320,060
163country_vu224,564
164country_ws194,320
165country_st183,176
166country_lc173,765
167country_vc120,000
168country_fm111,000
169country_ki103,500
170country_to103,036
171country_ad84,082
172country_sc84,000
173country_ag81,799
174country_dm72,660
175country_mh68,000
176country_kn51,300
177country_mc36,371
178country_li36,281
179country_sm32,404
180country_pw20,956
181country_ai13,600
182country_tv10,544
183country_nr9,378
184country_va832
Total6,883,830,427

country_mg


Madagascar is an island country in the Indian Ocean, off the southeastern coast of Africa. The nation comprises the island of Madagascar (the fourth-largest island in the world), as well as numerous smaller peripheral islands. Following the prehistoric breakup of the supercontinent Gondwana, Madagascar split from India around 88 million years ago, allowing plants and animals on the island to evolve in complete isolation. Consequently, Madagascar is a biodiversity hotspot; over 90% of its wildlife is found nowhere else on Earth. The island's diverse ecosystems and unique wildlife are threatened by the encroachment of the rapidly growing human population.

Initial human settlement of Madagascar occurred between 350 BCE and 550 CE by Austronesian peoples arriving on outrigger canoes from Borneo. These were joined around 1000 CE by Bantu migrants crossing the Mozambique Channel. Other groups continued to settle on Madagascar over time, each one making lasting contributions to Malagasy cultural life. The Malagasy ethnic group is often divided into eighteen or more sub-groups of which the largest are the Merina of the central highlands.

Until the late 18th century, the island of Madagascar was ruled by a fragmented assortment of shifting socio-political alliances. Beginning in the early 19th century, most of the island was united and ruled as the Kingdom of Madagascar by a series of Merina nobles. The monarchy collapsed in 1896 when the island was conquered and absorbed into the French colonial empire, from which the island gained independence in 1960.

The autonomous state of Madagascar has since undergone four major constitutional periods, termed Republics. Since 1992 the nation has officially been governed as a constitutional democracy from its capital at Antananarivo. However, in a popular uprising in 2009 the last elected president Marc Ravalomanana was made to resign and presidential power was transferred in March 2009 to Andry Rajoelina in a move widely viewed by the international community as a coup d'├ętat.

In 2011, the population of Madagascar was estimated at around 21.9 million, 90% of whom live on less than two dollars per day. Malagasy and French are both official languages of the state. The majority of the population adheres to traditional beliefs or Christianity.

Ecotourism and agriculture, paired with greater investments in education, health and private enterprise, are key elements of Madagascar's development strategy. Under Ravalomanana these investments produced substantial economic growth but the benefits were not evenly spread throughout the population, producing tensions over the increasing cost of living and declining living standards among the poor and some segments of the middle class. Current and future generations in Madagascar are faced with the challenge of striking a balance between economic growth, equitable development, and natural conservation.
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