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page_travel_area_title (Afghanistan)

CountryFlagArea (km²)
1country_ru17,075,400
2country_ca9,984,670
3country_us9,826,680
4country_cn9,640,820
5country_br8,514,880
6country_au7,617,930
7country_in3,287,260
8country_ar2,780,400
9country_kz2,724,900
10country_dz2,381,740
11country_cd2,345,410
12country_sa2,250,000
13country_mx1,972,550
14country_id1,904,570
15country_sd1,886,070
16country_ly1,759,540
17country_ir1,648,200
18country_mn1,564,120
19country_pe1,285,220
20country_ne1,267,000
21country_ao1,246,700
22country_ml1,240,190
23country_za1,221,040
24country_co1,141,750
25country_et1,104,300
26country_bo1,098,580
27country_mr1,030,700
28country_eg1,002,450
29country_tz945,203
30country_ng923,768
31country_ve916,445
32country_na825,418
33country_mz801,590
34country_pk796,095
35country_tr783,562
36country_cl756,096
37country_zm752,618
38country_mm676,578
39country_fr674,843
40country_af647,500
41country_so637,657
42country_cf622,984
43country_ss619,745
44country_ua603,628
45country_mg587,041
46country_bw581,730
47country_ke580,367
48country_ye527,829
49country_th513,120
50country_es504,645
51country_tm491,210
52country_cm475,442
53country_pg462,840
54country_se449,964
55country_uz447,400
56country_ma446,550
57country_iq438,317
58country_py406,752
59country_zw390,757
60country_no385,252
61country_jp377,944
62country_de357,021
63country_fi338,424
64country_vn331,210
65country_my329,847
66country_ci322,463
67country_pl312,685
68country_om309,501
69country_it301,338
70country_ph300,000
71country_ec276,841
72country_bf274,200
73country_nz268,021
74country_ga267,667
75country_gn245,857
76country_gb243,610
77country_gh238,535
78country_ro238,391
79country_la236,800
80country_ug236,040
81country_gy214,970
82country_by207,595
83country_kg199,900
84country_sn196,723
85country_sy185,180
86country_uy176,215
87country_sr163,821
88country_tn163,610
89country_bd147,570
90country_np147,181
91country_tj143,100
92country_gr131,990
93country_ni130,373
94country_kp120,540
95country_mw118,484
96country_er117,600
97country_bj112,622
98country_hn112,492
99country_lr111,369
100country_bg110,994
101country_cu109,884
102country_gt108,889
103country_is103,001
104country_kr100,210
105country_hu93,030
106country_pt92,212
107country_jo89,342
108country_rs88,361
109country_az86,600
110country_at83,855
111country_ae83,600
112country_cz78,866
113country_pa75,517
114country_sl71,740
115country_ie70,273
116country_ge69,700
117country_lk65,610
118country_lt65,300
119country_lv64,589
120country_tg56,785
121country_ba51,197
122country_cr51,100
123country_sk49,035
124country_do48,442
125country_ee45,227
126country_dk43,094
127country_nl42,508
128country_ch41,285
129country_bt38,394
130country_tw36,193
131country_gw36,125
132country_md33,846
133country_be30,528
134country_ls30,355
135country_am29,743
136country_al28,748
137country_sb28,400
138country_bi27,834
139country_ht27,750
140country_rw26,338
141country_mk25,713
142country_dj23,200
143country_bz22,966
144country_sv21,040
145country_il20,770
146country_si20,273
147country_fj18,274
148country_kw17,820
149country_sz17,364
150country_me13,812
151country_vu12,190
152country_qa11,437
153country_lb10,452
154country_cy9,251
155country_bn5,765
156country_tt5,131
157country_cv4,033
158country_ws2,831
159country_lu2,586
160country_mu2,040
161country_st1,001
162country_ki811
163country_dm790
164country_bh765
165country_to748
166country_sg710
167country_fm702
168country_lc617
169country_ad468
170country_pw459
171country_sc451
172country_ag440
173country_vc389
174country_mt316
175country_mv298
176country_kn261
177country_mh181
178country_li160
179country_ai91
180country_sm61
181country_tv26
182country_nr21
183country_mc1
184country_va0

country_af


Afghanistan (Persian/Pashto: افغانستان, Afġānistān), officially the Islamic Republic of Afghanistan, is a {landlocked country|country} located in the centre of Asia, forming part of Central Asia, South Asia, and Greater Middle East, it is also considered to be part of a broader West Asia.

It is bordered by Pakistan in the south and the east, Iran in the west, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan and Tajikistan in the north, and China in the far northeast.

Afghanistan has been an ancient focal point of the Silk Road and human migration. Urban civilization may have {begun|started} in the area as early as 3,000 to 2,000 BC. Sitting at an important geostrategic {location|position} that connects the Middle East with Central Asia and the Indian subcontinent, the land has been home to various peoples through the ages and witnessed many military campaigns, notably by Alexander the Great, Genghis Khan, and in modern era Western forces.

The political history of the modern state of Afghanistan begins in 1709 with the rise of the Pashtuns, when the Hotaki dynasty was established in Kandahar followed by Ahmad Shah Durrani's rise to power in 1747. In the late 19th century, Afghanistan became a buffer state in the "Great Game" between the British and Russian empires. Following the Third Anglo-Afghan War of 1919 and the signing of the Treaty of Rawalpindi, King Amanullah started modernization of the country.

During the Cold War, after the withdrawal of the British from neighboring India in 1947, the United States and the Soviet Union began spreading their influence in Afghanistan. Between 1979 and 1989, the country experienced a major war between the US-backed mujahideen forces and the Soviet-backed Afghan government in which over a million Afghans lost their lives mainly due to land-mines.

This was followed by the 1990s Afghan civil war, the rise and fall of the extremist Taliban government and the 2001–present war. In December 2001, the United Nations Security Council authorized the creation of the International Security Assistance Force (ISAF) to help maintain security in Afghanistan and assist the Karzai administration.

The {decades|long time} of war made Afghanistan the world's most dangerous country, including the largest producer of refugees and asylum seekers. While the international community is rebuilding war-torn Afghanistan, terrorist groups such as the Haqqani Network and Hezbi Islami are actively involved in a nationwide Taliban-led insurgency, which includes hundreds of assassinations and suicide attacks.

Afghanistan is a {multiethnic|multicultural} society, and its historical status as a crossroads has contributed significantly to its diverse ethnic makeup. The population of the country is divided into a wide variety of ethnolinguistic groups. Because a systematic census has not been held in the nation in decades, exact figures about the size and composition of the various ethnic groups are unvailable.

The Afghan culture has been around for over two millennia, tracing record to at least the time of the Achaemenid Empire in 500 BCE. It is mostly a nomadic and tribal society, with different regions of the country having their own tradition, reflecting the multi-cultural and multi-lingual character of the nation. In the southern and eastern region, as well as western Pakistan which was {historically|former} part of Afghanistan, the people live according to the Pashtun culture by following Pashtunwali, which is an ancient way of life that is still preserved. The remaining of the country is culturally Persian and Turkic. Some non-Pashtuns who {live|reside} in close proximity with Pashtuns have adopted Pashtunwali in a process called Pashtunization (or Afghanization) while some Pashtuns have been Persianized. Millions of Afghans who {have been living|have been} in Pakistan and Iran over the last 30 years have been influenced by the cultures of those neighboring nations.
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