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Algeria, officially the People's Democratic Republic of Algeria, is a country in the Maghreb region of Africa, with Algiers as its capital and most populous city.

The territory if todays Algeria was the home of many ancient culture , including Aterian and Capsian culture . Its area have been ruled by many empires and dynasties, including ancient Numidians, Carthaginians, Romans, Vandals, Byzantines, arab Ummayads, berber Fatimids and Almohads and later turkish Ottomans.

Algeria is a semi presidential republic consisting of 48 provinces and 1541 communes. With a populalion exceeding 37 Millions, it is the 34th most populated country on earth. It is linguistically an arab country with some other local dialects. Its economy is oil based, suffering from Dutch disease. Sonatrach the national oil company, is the largest company in Africa. Algeria has the second largest army in Africa and in the arab world, after Egypt, and has Russia and China as strategic allies, and arms furnisher.

Algeria is the tenth-largest country in the world and the largest in Africa. The country is bordered in the northeast by Tunisia in the east by Libya, in the west by Morocco, in the southwest by Western Sahara Mauritania, and Mali, in the southeast by Niger, and in the north by the Mediterranean Sea. As of 2012, Algeria has an estimated population of over 37 million. Algeria is a member of the African Union, the Arab League, OPEC and the United Nations, and is a founding member of the Arab Maghreb Union.

Algeria is the largest country in Africa, the Arab world, and the Mediterranean Basin. Its southern part includes a significant portion of the Sahara To the north, the Tell Atlas form with the Sahara Atlas further south, two parallel sets of reliefs in approaching eastbound, and between which are inserted vast plains and highlands. Both Atlas tend to merge in eastern Algeria. The vast mountain ranges of Aures and Nememcha occupy the entire north eastern Algeria and are delineated by the Tunisia border. The highest point is Mount Tahat (3,003 m).
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