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Countries by Population: Taiwan (Taiwan)

CountryFlagPopulation
1China1,339,724,852
2India1,210,193,422
3United States of America313,820,000
4Indonesia237,424,363
5Brazil192,376,496
6Pakistan180,440,005
7Nigeria170,123,740
8Bangladesh158,570,535
9Russia143,200,000
10Japan126,659,683
11Mexico113,910,608
12Philippines92,337,852
13Vietnam87,840,000
14Ethiopia84,320,987
15Egypt82,000,000
16Germany81,799,600
17Turkey79,749,461
18Iran75,149,669
19Democratic Republic of the Congo71,712,867
20Thailand66,720,153
21France64,895,000
22United Kingdom62,262,000
23Italy60,483,000
24Burma60,280,000
25Korea, South50,004,441
26South Africa48,810,427
27Colombia46,366,364
28Spain46,081,574
29Ukraine45,888,000
30Tanzania43,188,000
31Kenya43,013,341
32Argentina41,281,631
33Poland38,186,860
34Algeria37,100,000
35Uganda35,873,253
36Canada34,853,000
37Morocco32,644,370
38Iraq31,129,225
39Sudan30,894,000
40Afghanistan29,835,392
41Uzbekistan29,559,100
42Peru29,496,000
43Nepal29,331,000
44Venezuela28,946,101
45Saudi Arabia28,376,355
46Malaysia28,334,135
47Yemen25,130,000
48Ghana24,233,431
49Korea, North24,051,218
50Mozambique23,400,000
51Taiwan23,261,747
52Australia22,665,296
53Syria22,530,746
54Madagascar21,926,221
55Ivory Coast20,617,068
56Sri Lanka20,277,000
57Cameroon19,100,000
58Romania19,043,767
59Angola18,498,000
60Chile17,402,630
61Netherlands17,034,544
62Kazakhstan16,600,000
63Niger16,274,738
64Burkina Faso15,730,977
65Ecuador15,223,680
66Malawi14,901,000
67Mali14,517,176
68Guatemala13,824,463
69Zambia13,092,666
70Senegal12,855,153
71Zimbabwe12,521,000
72Rwanda11,689,696
73Greece11,305,118
74Cuba11,241,161
75Belgium11,007,020
76Bolivia10,907,778
77Tunisia10,732,900
78Portugal10,638,000
79Czech Republic10,562,214
80Somalia10,085,638
81Guinea10,057,975
82Hungary10,014,324
83Haiti9,719,932
84Benin9,598,787
85Sweden9,514,406
86Belarus9,503,807
87Dominican Republic9,378,818
88Azerbaijan9,165,000
89Burundi8,749,000
90Austria8,414,638
91United Arab Emirates8,264,070
92South Sudan8,260,490
93Honduras8,249,574
94Switzerland7,952,600
95Israel7,900,600
96Tajikistan7,616,000
97Bulgaria7,364,570
98Serbia7,120,666
99Togo6,619,000
100Jordan6,508,271
101Laos6,500,000
102Paraguay6,454,548
103Papua New Guinea6,187,591
104El Salvador6,134,000
105Nicaragua5,891,199
106Eritrea5,824,000
107Libya5,670,688
108Kyrgyzstan5,550,239
109Denmark5,543,453
110Sierra Leone5,485,998
111Slovakia5,445,324
112Finland5,410,233
113Singapore5,183,700
114Turkmenistan5,125,693
115Norway5,033,675
116Ireland4,588,252
117Georgia4,469,200
118New Zealand4,430,400
119Central African Republic4,422,000
120Costa Rica4,301,712
121Lebanon4,224,000
122Bosnia and Herzegovina3,839,737
123Liberia3,786,764
124Kuwait3,566,437
125Moldova3,559,500
126Panama3,405,813
127Uruguay3,318,535
128Armenia3,262,200
129Lithuania3,182,755
130Mauritania3,069,000
131Albania2,831,741
132Oman2,773,479
133Mongolia2,754,685
134Latvia2,217,053
135Namibia2,100,000
136Lesotho2,067,000
137Slovenia2,060,382
138Macedonia2,058,539
139Botswana2,029,307
140Qatar1,853,563
141Guinea-Bissau1,647,000
142Gabon1,475,000
143Estonia1,340,194
144Mauritius1,291,456
145Bahrain1,234,571
146Trinidad and Tobago1,227,505
147Swaziland1,185,000
148Cyprus1,099,341
149Djibouti923,000
150Fiji849,000
151Guyana752,940
152Bhutan708,427
153Montenegro625,266
154Cape Verde567,000
155Suriname560,157
156Solomon Islands523,000
157Luxembourg509,074
158Malta452,515
159Brunei408,786
160Belize333,200
161Maldives328,536
162Iceland320,060
163Vanuatu224,564
164Samoa194,320
165São Tomé and Príncipe183,176
166Saint Lucia173,765
167Saint Vincent and the Grenadines120,000
168Federated States of Micronesia111,000
169Kiribati103,500
170Tonga103,036
171Andorra84,082
172Seychelles84,000
173Antigua and Barbuda81,799
174Dominica72,660
175Marshall Islands68,000
176Saint Kitts and Nevis51,300
177Monaco36,371
178Liechtenstein36,281
179San Marino32,404
180Palau20,956
181Anguilla13,600
182Tuvalu10,544
183Nauru9,378
184Vatican City832
Total6,883,830,427

Taiwan


Taiwan (臺灣, 台灣), officially the Republic of China, is a state in East Asia. Originally based in mainland China, the Republic of China now governs the island of Taiwan (formerly known as Formosa), which makes up over 99% of its current territory, as well as Penghu, Kinmen, Matsu, and other minor islands.

Neighboring states include the People's Republic of China to the west, Japan to the east and northeast, and the Philippines to the south. Taipei is the capital and economic and cultural center of the country, while New Taipei is the most populous city.

The earliest evidence of Taiwan being inhabited is from the late Paleolithic era. The island of Taiwan was mainly inhabited by Taiwanese aborigines before being explored, and later colonized by European powers including Dutch and Spanish in the 17th century. The first Han Chinese polity on Taiwan began in 1662 when Koxinga's troops expelled Dutch forces, and established the Kingdom of Tungning. In 1683, the island was subsequently conquered by the Qing Dynasty.

Following Japan's victory over the Qing Dynasty in the first Sino-Japanese war, Taiwan was ceded to Japan under the Treaty of Shimonoseki in 1895. The Republic of China was established in mainland China in 1912. At the end of World War II in 1945, Japan surrendered Taiwan and associated islands to ROC forces. Following the Chinese civil war in the last three years, Chinese Communists took full control of mainland China and founded the People's Republic of China (PRC) in 1949; the ROC resettled its government to Taiwan, and its power of governance is limited to Taiwan Area. Since the founding of the PRC, international recognition of the ROC has gradually eroded as most countries switched recognition to the PRC. In 1971, the PRC assumed China's seat at the United Nations. Only 22 UN member states and the Holy See currently recognize the ROC as a sovereign state and maintain formal diplomatic relations with it, though it has informal ties with many other states via Taipei Representative Office.

Officially, the ROC government has claimed sovereignty over all of "China", in a definition that includes mainland China and Mongolia, as well as Taiwan, via the ROC Constitution but has not made retaking mainland China a political goal since 1992. However, the government's stance on whether "retaking" or "reuniting" with China is desired or whether Taiwan and China are separate countries or are regions of one country depends on which administration is in power. Meanwhile, the PRC also officially asserts itself to be the sole legal representation of China and actively claims Taiwan to be under its sovereignty, denying the status and existence of ROC as a sovereign state.

It has threatened the use of military force as a response to any formal declaration of Taiwanese independence, or if it deems peaceful reunification no longer possible. Cross-strait relations between Taiwan and China as well as issues of national identity within the country are important factors in Taiwanese politics and a cause of social and political division among political parties and their respective supporters.

In the 1980s and early 1990s, Taiwan evolved into a multi-party democracy with universal suffrage. Building on the infrastructure and education improvements initiated during the Japanese era, Taiwan has experienced rapid economic growth and industrialization during the latter half of the 20th century and is now an advanced industrial economy. It is one of the Four Asian Tigers and a member of the WTO and APEC. The 19th-largest economy in the world, its advanced technology industry plays a key role in the global economy. Taiwan is ranked highly in terms of freedom of the press, health care, public education, economic freedom, and human development.
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