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Countries by Area (Turkey)

CountryFlagArea (km²)
1Russia17,075,400
2Canada9,984,670
3United States of America9,826,680
4China9,640,820
5Brazil8,514,880
6Australia7,617,930
7India3,287,260
8Argentina2,780,400
9Kazakhstan2,724,900
10Algeria2,381,740
11Democratic Republic of the Congo2,345,410
12Saudi Arabia2,250,000
13Mexico1,972,550
14Indonesia1,904,570
15Sudan1,886,070
16Libya1,759,540
17Iran1,648,200
18Mongolia1,564,120
19Peru1,285,220
20Niger1,267,000
21Angola1,246,700
22Mali1,240,190
23South Africa1,221,040
24Colombia1,141,750
25Ethiopia1,104,300
26Bolivia1,098,580
27Mauritania1,030,700
28Egypt1,002,450
29Tanzania945,203
30Nigeria923,768
31Venezuela916,445
32Namibia825,418
33Mozambique801,590
34Pakistan796,095
35Turkey783,562
36Chile756,096
37Zambia752,618
38Burma676,578
39France674,843
40Afghanistan647,500
41Somalia637,657
42Central African Republic622,984
43South Sudan619,745
44Ukraine603,628
45Madagascar587,041
46Botswana581,730
47Kenya580,367
48Yemen527,829
49Thailand513,120
50Spain504,645
51Turkmenistan491,210
52Cameroon475,442
53Papua New Guinea462,840
54Sweden449,964
55Uzbekistan447,400
56Morocco446,550
57Iraq438,317
58Paraguay406,752
59Zimbabwe390,757
60Norway385,252
61Japan377,944
62Germany357,021
63Finland338,424
64Vietnam331,210
65Malaysia329,847
66Ivory Coast322,463
67Poland312,685
68Oman309,501
69Italy301,338
70Philippines300,000
71Ecuador276,841
72Burkina Faso274,200
73New Zealand268,021
74Gabon267,667
75Guinea245,857
76United Kingdom243,610
77Ghana238,535
78Romania238,391
79Laos236,800
80Uganda236,040
81Guyana214,970
82Belarus207,595
83Kyrgyzstan199,900
84Senegal196,723
85Syria185,180
86Uruguay176,215
87Suriname163,821
88Tunisia163,610
89Bangladesh147,570
90Nepal147,181
91Tajikistan143,100
92Greece131,990
93Nicaragua130,373
94Korea, North120,540
95Malawi118,484
96Eritrea117,600
97Benin112,622
98Honduras112,492
99Liberia111,369
100Bulgaria110,994
101Cuba109,884
102Guatemala108,889
103Iceland103,001
104Korea, South100,210
105Hungary93,030
106Portugal92,212
107Jordan89,342
108Serbia88,361
109Azerbaijan86,600
110Austria83,855
111United Arab Emirates83,600
112Czech Republic78,866
113Panama75,517
114Sierra Leone71,740
115Ireland70,273
116Georgia69,700
117Sri Lanka65,610
118Lithuania65,300
119Latvia64,589
120Togo56,785
121Bosnia and Herzegovina51,197
122Costa Rica51,100
123Slovakia49,035
124Dominican Republic48,442
125Estonia45,227
126Denmark43,094
127Netherlands42,508
128Switzerland41,285
129Bhutan38,394
130Taiwan36,193
131Guinea-Bissau36,125
132Moldova33,846
133Belgium30,528
134Lesotho30,355
135Armenia29,743
136Albania28,748
137Solomon Islands28,400
138Burundi27,834
139Haiti27,750
140Rwanda26,338
141Macedonia25,713
142Djibouti23,200
143Belize22,966
144El Salvador21,040
145Israel20,770
146Slovenia20,273
147Fiji18,274
148Kuwait17,820
149Swaziland17,364
150Montenegro13,812
151Vanuatu12,190
152Qatar11,437
153Lebanon10,452
154Cyprus9,251
155Brunei5,765
156Trinidad and Tobago5,131
157Cape Verde4,033
158Samoa2,831
159Luxembourg2,586
160Mauritius2,040
161São Tomé and Príncipe1,001
162Kiribati811
163Dominica790
164Bahrain765
165Tonga748
166Singapore710
167Federated States of Micronesia702
168Saint Lucia617
169Andorra468
170Palau459
171Seychelles451
172Antigua and Barbuda440
173Saint Vincent and the Grenadines389
174Malta316
175Maldives298
176Saint Kitts and Nevis261
177Marshall Islands181
178Liechtenstein160
179Anguilla91
180San Marino61
181Tuvalu26
182Nauru21
183Monaco1
184Vatican City0

Turkey


Turkey is a Eurasian country located in Western Asia (mostly in the Anatolian peninsula) and in East Thrace in Southeastern Europe. Turkey is bordered by eight countries: Bulgaria to the northwest; Greece to the west; Georgia to the northeast; Armenia, Azerbaijan (the exclave of Nakhchivan) and Iran to the east; and Iraq and Syria to the southeast. The Mediterranean Sea and Cyprus are to the south; the Aegean Sea is to the west; and the Black Sea is to the north. The Sea of Marmara, the Bosphorus and the Dardanelles (which together form the Turkish Straits) demarcate the boundary between East Thrace and Anatolia; they also separate Europe and Asia.

Turkey is one of the six independent Turkic states. The country's official language is Turkish, which is spoken by approximately 85% of the population as mother tongue. The most numerous ethnic group are Turks, who constitute between 70% and 75% of the population according to the World Factbook. Kurds are the largest minority and, according to the same source, number around 18% of the population while other minorities are estimated to be at 7-12%. The vast majority of the population is Muslim. An ongoing conflict with Kurdish militant groups have resulted in thousands of deaths.

Oghuz Turks began migrating into the area now called Turkey (derived from the Medieval Latin Turchia, i.e. "Land of the Turks") in the 11th century. The process was greatly accelerated by the Seljuk victory over the Byzantines at the Battle of Manzikert. Several small beyliks and the Seljuk Sultanate of Rûm ruled Anatolia until the Mongol invasion. Starting from the 13th century, the Ottoman beylik united Anatolia and created an empire encompassing much of Southeastern Europe, Western Asia and North Africa. After the Ottoman Empire collapsed following its defeat in World War I, parts of it were occupied by the victorious Allies. A cadre of young military officers, led by Mustafa Kemal Atatürk and his colleagues, organized a successful resistance to the Allies; in 1923, they would establish the modern Republic of Turkey with Atatürk as its first president.

Turkey is a democratic, secular, unitary, constitutional republic with a diverse cultural heritage. Turkey has become increasingly integrated with the West through membership in organisations such as the Council of Europe, NATO, OECD, OSCE and the G-20 major economies. Turkey began full membership negotiations with the European Union in 2005, having been an associate member of the European Economic Community since 1963 and having joined the EU Customs Union in 1995. Turkey has also fostered close cultural, political, economic and industrial relations with the Middle East, the Turkic states of Central Asia and the African countries through membership in organisations such as the Turkic Council, Joint Administration of Turkic Arts and Culture, Organisation of Islamic Cooperation and the Economic Cooperation Organisation.

Turkey's location at the crossroads of Europe and Asia makes it a country of significant geostrategic importance. In addition to its strategic location, Turkey's developing economy and diplomatic initiatives have led to its recognition as a growing regional power in the Middle East.
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