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Countries by Area (Philippines)

CountryFlagArea (km²)
1Russia17,075,400
2Canada9,984,670
3United States of America9,826,680
4China9,640,820
5Brazil8,514,880
6Australia7,617,930
7India3,287,260
8Argentina2,780,400
9Kazakhstan2,724,900
10Algeria2,381,740
11Democratic Republic of the Congo2,345,410
12Saudi Arabia2,250,000
13Mexico1,972,550
14Indonesia1,904,570
15Sudan1,886,070
16Libya1,759,540
17Iran1,648,200
18Mongolia1,564,120
19Peru1,285,220
20Niger1,267,000
21Angola1,246,700
22Mali1,240,190
23South Africa1,221,040
24Colombia1,141,750
25Ethiopia1,104,300
26Bolivia1,098,580
27Mauritania1,030,700
28Egypt1,002,450
29Tanzania945,203
30Nigeria923,768
31Venezuela916,445
32Namibia825,418
33Mozambique801,590
34Pakistan796,095
35Turkey783,562
36Chile756,096
37Zambia752,618
38Burma676,578
39France674,843
40Afghanistan647,500
41Somalia637,657
42Central African Republic622,984
43South Sudan619,745
44Ukraine603,628
45Madagascar587,041
46Botswana581,730
47Kenya580,367
48Yemen527,829
49Thailand513,120
50Spain504,645
51Turkmenistan491,210
52Cameroon475,442
53Papua New Guinea462,840
54Sweden449,964
55Uzbekistan447,400
56Morocco446,550
57Iraq438,317
58Paraguay406,752
59Zimbabwe390,757
60Norway385,252
61Japan377,944
62Germany357,021
63Finland338,424
64Vietnam331,210
65Malaysia329,847
66Ivory Coast322,463
67Poland312,685
68Oman309,501
69Italy301,338
70Philippines300,000
71Ecuador276,841
72Burkina Faso274,200
73New Zealand268,021
74Gabon267,667
75Guinea245,857
76United Kingdom243,610
77Ghana238,535
78Romania238,391
79Laos236,800
80Uganda236,040
81Guyana214,970
82Belarus207,595
83Kyrgyzstan199,900
84Senegal196,723
85Syria185,180
86Uruguay176,215
87Suriname163,821
88Tunisia163,610
89Bangladesh147,570
90Nepal147,181
91Tajikistan143,100
92Greece131,990
93Nicaragua130,373
94Korea, North120,540
95Malawi118,484
96Eritrea117,600
97Benin112,622
98Honduras112,492
99Liberia111,369
100Bulgaria110,994
101Cuba109,884
102Guatemala108,889
103Iceland103,001
104Korea, South100,210
105Hungary93,030
106Portugal92,212
107Jordan89,342
108Serbia88,361
109Azerbaijan86,600
110Austria83,855
111United Arab Emirates83,600
112Czech Republic78,866
113Panama75,517
114Sierra Leone71,740
115Ireland70,273
116Georgia69,700
117Sri Lanka65,610
118Lithuania65,300
119Latvia64,589
120Togo56,785
121Bosnia and Herzegovina51,197
122Costa Rica51,100
123Slovakia49,035
124Dominican Republic48,442
125Estonia45,227
126Denmark43,094
127Netherlands42,508
128Switzerland41,285
129Bhutan38,394
130Taiwan36,193
131Guinea-Bissau36,125
132Moldova33,846
133Belgium30,528
134Lesotho30,355
135Armenia29,743
136Albania28,748
137Solomon Islands28,400
138Burundi27,834
139Haiti27,750
140Rwanda26,338
141Macedonia25,713
142Djibouti23,200
143Belize22,966
144El Salvador21,040
145Israel20,770
146Slovenia20,273
147Fiji18,274
148Kuwait17,820
149Swaziland17,364
150Montenegro13,812
151Vanuatu12,190
152Qatar11,437
153Lebanon10,452
154Cyprus9,251
155Brunei5,765
156Trinidad and Tobago5,131
157Cape Verde4,033
158Samoa2,831
159Luxembourg2,586
160Mauritius2,040
161São Tomé and Príncipe1,001
162Kiribati811
163Dominica790
164Bahrain765
165Tonga748
166Singapore710
167Federated States of Micronesia702
168Saint Lucia617
169Andorra468
170Palau459
171Seychelles451
172Antigua and Barbuda440
173Saint Vincent and the Grenadines389
174Malta316
175Maldives298
176Saint Kitts and Nevis261
177Marshall Islands181
178Liechtenstein160
179Anguilla91
180San Marino61
181Tuvalu26
182Nauru21
183Monaco1
184Vatican City0

Philippines


The Philippines is a sovereign state in Southeast Asia in the western Pacific Ocean. To its north across the Luzon Strait lies Taiwan. West across the South China Sea sits Vietnam. The Sulu Sea to the southwest lies between the country and the island of Borneo, and to the south the Celebes Sea separates it from other islands of Indonesia. It is bounded on the east by the Philippine Sea.

Its location on the Pacific Ring of Fire and its tropical climate make the Philippines prone to earthquakes and typhoons but have also endowed the country with natural resources and made it one of the richest areas of biodiversity in the world. An archipelago comprising 7,107 islands, the Philippines is categorized broadly into three main geographical divisions: Luzon, Visayas, and Mindanao.

Its capital city is Manila.

With a population of more than 92 million people, the Philippines is the 7th most populated Asian country and the 12th most populated country in the world. An additional 12 million Filipinos live overseas. Multiple ethnicities and cultures are found throughout the islands. In prehistoric times, Negritos were some of the archipelago's earliest inhabitants. They were followed by successive waves of Austronesian peoples who brought with them influences from Malay, Hindu, and Islamic societies. Trade and subsequent Chinese settlement eventually introduced Chinese cultural influences which remain to this day.

The arrival of Ferdinand Magellan in 1521 marked the beginning of an era of Spanish interest and eventual colonization. In 1543, Spanish explorer Ruy López de Villalobos named the archipelago Las Islas Filipinas in honor of Philip II of Spain. Miguel López de Legazpi arrived in the Philippines in 1565 and consolidated Spanish rule in the islands, which remained a colony of Spain for more than 300 years.

Manila became the Asian hub of the Manila–Acapulco galleon fleet. As the 19th century gave way to the 20th, there followed in quick succession the Philippine Revolution, which spawned the short-lived First Philippine Republic; the Spanish-American War; and the Philippine–American War. In the aftermath, the United States emerged as the dominant power; aside from the period of Japanese occupation, the United States retained sovereignty over the islands until the end of World War II when the Philippines gained independence.

Since then, the Philippines has had an often tumultuous experience with democracy, with popular "people power" movements overthrowing a dictatorship in one instance but also underlining the institutional weaknesses of its constitutional republic in others.
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