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Countries by Area (Norway)

CountryFlagArea (km²)
1Russia17,075,400
2Canada9,984,670
3United States of America9,826,680
4China9,640,820
5Brazil8,514,880
6Australia7,617,930
7India3,287,260
8Argentina2,780,400
9Kazakhstan2,724,900
10Algeria2,381,740
11Democratic Republic of the Congo2,345,410
12Saudi Arabia2,250,000
13Mexico1,972,550
14Indonesia1,904,570
15Sudan1,886,070
16Libya1,759,540
17Iran1,648,200
18Mongolia1,564,120
19Peru1,285,220
20Niger1,267,000
21Angola1,246,700
22Mali1,240,190
23South Africa1,221,040
24Colombia1,141,750
25Ethiopia1,104,300
26Bolivia1,098,580
27Mauritania1,030,700
28Egypt1,002,450
29Tanzania945,203
30Nigeria923,768
31Venezuela916,445
32Namibia825,418
33Mozambique801,590
34Pakistan796,095
35Turkey783,562
36Chile756,096
37Zambia752,618
38Burma676,578
39France674,843
40Afghanistan647,500
41Somalia637,657
42Central African Republic622,984
43South Sudan619,745
44Ukraine603,628
45Madagascar587,041
46Botswana581,730
47Kenya580,367
48Yemen527,829
49Thailand513,120
50Spain504,645
51Turkmenistan491,210
52Cameroon475,442
53Papua New Guinea462,840
54Sweden449,964
55Uzbekistan447,400
56Morocco446,550
57Iraq438,317
58Paraguay406,752
59Zimbabwe390,757
60Norway385,252
61Japan377,944
62Germany357,021
63Finland338,424
64Vietnam331,210
65Malaysia329,847
66Ivory Coast322,463
67Poland312,685
68Oman309,501
69Italy301,338
70Philippines300,000
71Ecuador276,841
72Burkina Faso274,200
73New Zealand268,021
74Gabon267,667
75Guinea245,857
76United Kingdom243,610
77Ghana238,535
78Romania238,391
79Laos236,800
80Uganda236,040
81Guyana214,970
82Belarus207,595
83Kyrgyzstan199,900
84Senegal196,723
85Syria185,180
86Uruguay176,215
87Suriname163,821
88Tunisia163,610
89Bangladesh147,570
90Nepal147,181
91Tajikistan143,100
92Greece131,990
93Nicaragua130,373
94Korea, North120,540
95Malawi118,484
96Eritrea117,600
97Benin112,622
98Honduras112,492
99Liberia111,369
100Bulgaria110,994
101Cuba109,884
102Guatemala108,889
103Iceland103,001
104Korea, South100,210
105Hungary93,030
106Portugal92,212
107Jordan89,342
108Serbia88,361
109Azerbaijan86,600
110Austria83,855
111United Arab Emirates83,600
112Czech Republic78,866
113Panama75,517
114Sierra Leone71,740
115Ireland70,273
116Georgia69,700
117Sri Lanka65,610
118Lithuania65,300
119Latvia64,589
120Togo56,785
121Bosnia and Herzegovina51,197
122Costa Rica51,100
123Slovakia49,035
124Dominican Republic48,442
125Estonia45,227
126Denmark43,094
127Netherlands42,508
128Switzerland41,285
129Bhutan38,394
130Taiwan36,193
131Guinea-Bissau36,125
132Moldova33,846
133Belgium30,528
134Lesotho30,355
135Armenia29,743
136Albania28,748
137Solomon Islands28,400
138Burundi27,834
139Haiti27,750
140Rwanda26,338
141Macedonia25,713
142Djibouti23,200
143Belize22,966
144El Salvador21,040
145Israel20,770
146Slovenia20,273
147Fiji18,274
148Kuwait17,820
149Swaziland17,364
150Montenegro13,812
151Vanuatu12,190
152Qatar11,437
153Lebanon10,452
154Cyprus9,251
155Brunei5,765
156Trinidad and Tobago5,131
157Cape Verde4,033
158Samoa2,831
159Luxembourg2,586
160Mauritius2,040
161São Tomé and Príncipe1,001
162Kiribati811
163Dominica790
164Bahrain765
165Tonga748
166Singapore710
167Federated States of Micronesia702
168Saint Lucia617
169Andorra468
170Palau459
171Seychelles451
172Antigua and Barbuda440
173Saint Vincent and the Grenadines389
174Malta316
175Maldives298
176Saint Kitts and Nevis261
177Marshall Islands181
178Liechtenstein160
179Anguilla91
180San Marino61
181Tuvalu26
182Nauru21
183Monaco1
184Vatican City0

Norway


Norway is a Nordic unitary constitutional monarchy whose territory comprises the western portion of the Scandinavian Peninsula, Jan Mayen, the Arctic archipelago of Svalbard and the subantarctic Bouvet Island.

It is the second least densely populated country in Europe. The majority of the country shares a border to the east with Sweden; its northernmost region is bordered by Finland to the south and Russia to the east; in its south Norway borders the Skagerrak Strait across from Denmark. The capital city of Norway is Oslo. Norway's extensive coastline, facing the North Atlantic Ocean and the Barents Sea, is home to its famous fjords.

Two centuries of Viking raids tapered off following the adoption of Christianity by King Olav Tryggvason in 994. A period of civil war ended in the 13th century when Norway expanded its control overseas to parts of the British Isles, Iceland, and Greenland. Norwegian territorial power peaked in 1265, but competition from the Hanseatic League and the spread of the Black Death weakened the country.

In 1380, Norway was absorbed into a union with Denmark that lasted more than four centuries. In 1814, Norwegians resisted the cession of their country to Sweden and adopted a new constitution. Sweden then invaded Norway but agreed to let Norway keep its constitution in return for accepting the union under a Swedish king. Rising nationalism throughout the 19th century led to a 1905 referendum granting Norway independence. Although Norway remained neutral in World War I, it suffered heavy losses to its shipping. Norway proclaimed its neutrality at the outset of World War II, but was nonetheless occupied for five years by the Third Reich. In 1949, neutrality was abandoned and Norway became a founding member of NATO.

Discovery of oil and gas in adjacent waters in the late 1960s boosted Norway's economic fortunes. In referenda held in 1972 and 1994, Norway rejected joining the EU. Key domestic issues include immigration and integration of ethnic minorities, maintaining the country's extensive social safety net with an aging population, and preserving economic competitiveness.

Norway is a unitary parliamentary democracy and constitutional monarchy, with King Harald V as its head of state and Jens Stoltenberg as its prime minister. It is a unitary state with administrative subdivisions on two levels known as counties (fylke) and municipalities (kommuner). The Sámi people have a certain amount of self-determination and influence over traditional territories through the Sámi Parliament and the Finnmark Act. Although having rejected European Union membership in two referenda, Norway maintains close ties with the union and its member countries, as well as with the United States. Norway remains one of the biggest financial contributors to the United Nations, and participates with UN forces in international missions, notably in Afghanistan, Kosovo, Sudan and Libya. Norway is a founding member of the United Nations, NATO, the Council of Europe, and the Nordic Council; a member of the European Economic Area, the WTO, and the OECD; and is also a part of Schengen Area.

Norway has extensive reserves of petroleum, natural gas, minerals, lumber, seafood, fresh water, and hydropower. The country has the fourth-highest per capita income in the world. On a per-capita basis, it is the world's largest producer of oil and natural gas outside the Middle East, and the petroleum industry accounts for around a quarter of the country's gross domestic product. The country maintains a Nordic welfare model with universal health care, subsidized higher education, and a comprehensive social security system. From 2001 to 2006, and then again from 2009 through 2011, Norway has had the highest human development index ranking in the world.

In 2011, Norway also ranked the highest on the Democracy Index.
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