Mexico: Countries by Area World Countries > area > Mexico



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Countries by Area (Mexico)

CountryFlagArea (km²)
1Russia17,075,400
2Canada9,984,670
3United States of America9,826,680
4China9,640,820
5Brazil8,514,880
6Australia7,617,930
7India3,287,260
8Argentina2,780,400
9Kazakhstan2,724,900
10Algeria2,381,740
11Democratic Republic of the Congo2,345,410
12Saudi Arabia2,250,000
13Mexico1,972,550
14Indonesia1,904,570
15Sudan1,886,070
16Libya1,759,540
17Iran1,648,200
18Mongolia1,564,120
19Peru1,285,220
20Niger1,267,000
21Angola1,246,700
22Mali1,240,190
23South Africa1,221,040
24Colombia1,141,750
25Ethiopia1,104,300
26Bolivia1,098,580
27Mauritania1,030,700
28Egypt1,002,450
29Tanzania945,203
30Nigeria923,768
31Venezuela916,445
32Namibia825,418
33Mozambique801,590
34Pakistan796,095
35Turkey783,562
36Chile756,096
37Zambia752,618
38Burma676,578
39France674,843
40Afghanistan647,500
41Somalia637,657
42Central African Republic622,984
43South Sudan619,745
44Ukraine603,628
45Madagascar587,041
46Botswana581,730
47Kenya580,367
48Yemen527,829
49Thailand513,120
50Spain504,645
51Turkmenistan491,210
52Cameroon475,442
53Papua New Guinea462,840
54Sweden449,964
55Uzbekistan447,400
56Morocco446,550
57Iraq438,317
58Paraguay406,752
59Zimbabwe390,757
60Norway385,252
61Japan377,944
62Germany357,021
63Finland338,424
64Vietnam331,210
65Malaysia329,847
66Ivory Coast322,463
67Poland312,685
68Oman309,501
69Italy301,338
70Philippines300,000
71Ecuador276,841
72Burkina Faso274,200
73New Zealand268,021
74Gabon267,667
75Guinea245,857
76United Kingdom243,610
77Ghana238,535
78Romania238,391
79Laos236,800
80Uganda236,040
81Guyana214,970
82Belarus207,595
83Kyrgyzstan199,900
84Senegal196,723
85Syria185,180
86Uruguay176,215
87Suriname163,821
88Tunisia163,610
89Bangladesh147,570
90Nepal147,181
91Tajikistan143,100
92Greece131,990
93Nicaragua130,373
94Korea, North120,540
95Malawi118,484
96Eritrea117,600
97Benin112,622
98Honduras112,492
99Liberia111,369
100Bulgaria110,994
101Cuba109,884
102Guatemala108,889
103Iceland103,001
104Korea, South100,210
105Hungary93,030
106Portugal92,212
107Jordan89,342
108Serbia88,361
109Azerbaijan86,600
110Austria83,855
111United Arab Emirates83,600
112Czech Republic78,866
113Panama75,517
114Sierra Leone71,740
115Ireland70,273
116Georgia69,700
117Sri Lanka65,610
118Lithuania65,300
119Latvia64,589
120Togo56,785
121Bosnia and Herzegovina51,197
122Costa Rica51,100
123Slovakia49,035
124Dominican Republic48,442
125Estonia45,227
126Denmark43,094
127Netherlands42,508
128Switzerland41,285
129Bhutan38,394
130Taiwan36,193
131Guinea-Bissau36,125
132Moldova33,846
133Belgium30,528
134Lesotho30,355
135Armenia29,743
136Albania28,748
137Solomon Islands28,400
138Burundi27,834
139Haiti27,750
140Rwanda26,338
141Macedonia25,713
142Djibouti23,200
143Belize22,966
144El Salvador21,040
145Israel20,770
146Slovenia20,273
147Fiji18,274
148Kuwait17,820
149Swaziland17,364
150Montenegro13,812
151Vanuatu12,190
152Qatar11,437
153Lebanon10,452
154Cyprus9,251
155Brunei5,765
156Trinidad and Tobago5,131
157Cape Verde4,033
158Samoa2,831
159Luxembourg2,586
160Mauritius2,040
161São Tomé and Príncipe1,001
162Kiribati811
163Dominica790
164Bahrain765
165Tonga748
166Singapore710
167Federated States of Micronesia702
168Saint Lucia617
169Andorra468
170Palau459
171Seychelles451
172Antigua and Barbuda440
173Saint Vincent and the Grenadines389
174Malta316
175Maldives298
176Saint Kitts and Nevis261
177Marshall Islands181
178Liechtenstein160
179Anguilla91
180San Marino61
181Tuvalu26
182Nauru21
183Monaco1
184Vatican City0

Mexico


Mexico is a federal constitutional republic in North America. It is bordered on the north by the United States of America; on the south and west by the Pacific Ocean; on the southeast by Guatemala, Belize, and the Caribbean Sea; and on the east by the Gulf of Mexico.

Covering almost two million square kilometres, Mexico is the fifth largest country in the Americas by total area and the thirteenth largest independent nation in the world. With an estimated population of over 113 million, it is the eleventh most populous country and the most populous Spanish-speaking country. Mexico is a federation comprising thirty-one states and a Federal District, the capital city.

In Pre-Columbian Mexico many cultures matured into advanced civilizations such as the Olmec, the Toltec, the Teotihuacan, the Zapotec, the Maya and the Aztec before the first contact with Europeans. In 1521, Spain conquered and colonized the territory from its base in México-Tenochtitlan, which was administered as the Viceroyalty of New Spain. This territory would eventually become Mexico as the colony's independence was recognized in 1821.

The post-independence period was characterized by economic instability, the Mexican-American War and territorial cession to the United States, a civil war, two empires and a domestic dictatorship. The latter led to the Mexican Revolution in 1910, which culminated with the promulgation of the 1917 Constitution and the emergence of the country's current political system. Elections held in July 2000 marked the first time that an opposition party won the presidency from the Institutional Revolutionary Party. Since 2006 the country has been in the midst of a drug war which has claimed 60,000 lives.

Mexico has one of the world's largest economies, and is considered both a regional power and middle power. In addition, Mexico was the first Latin American member of the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development OECD (since 1994), and considered an upper-middle income country by the World Bank.

Mexico is considered a newly industrialized country and an emerging power. It has the thirteenth largest nominal GDP and the eleventh largest by purchasing power parity. The economy is strongly linked to those of its North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) partners, especially the United States. Mexico ranks sixth in the world and first in the Americas by number of UNESCO World Heritage Sites with 31, and in 2007 was the tenth most visited country in the world with 21.4 million international arrivals per year.

The country has the largest Spanish-speaking population in the world with almost a third of all Spanish native speakers.

Mexico is home to a large number of indigenous languages, spoken by some 5.4% of the population – 1.2% of the population are monolingual speakers of an indigenous language. The indigenous languages with most speakers are Nahuatl, spoken by approximately 1,45 million people, Yukatek Maya spoken by some 750,000 people and the Mixtec and Zapotec languages each spoken by more than 400,000 people. The National Institute of Indigenous Languages INALI recognizes 68 linguistic groups and some 364 different specific varieties of indigenous languages.

Since the promulgation of the Law of Indigenous Linguistic Rights in 2003, these languages have had status as national languages, with equal validity with Spanish in all the areas and contexts in which they are spoken.

In addition to the indigenous languages other minority languages are spoken by immigrant populations such as the 80,000 German-speaking Mennonites in Mexico. And 5,000 the Chipilo dialect of the Venetian language spoken in Chipilo, Puebla.
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