Afghanistan: Countries by Area World Countries > area > Afghanistan



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Countries by Area (Afghanistan)

CountryFlagArea (km²)
1Russia17,075,400
2Canada9,984,670
3United States of America9,826,680
4China9,640,820
5Brazil8,514,880
6Australia7,617,930
7India3,287,260
8Argentina2,780,400
9Kazakhstan2,724,900
10Algeria2,381,740
11Democratic Republic of the Congo2,345,410
12Saudi Arabia2,250,000
13Mexico1,972,550
14Indonesia1,904,570
15Sudan1,886,070
16Libya1,759,540
17Iran1,648,200
18Mongolia1,564,120
19Peru1,285,220
20Niger1,267,000
21Angola1,246,700
22Mali1,240,190
23South Africa1,221,040
24Colombia1,141,750
25Ethiopia1,104,300
26Bolivia1,098,580
27Mauritania1,030,700
28Egypt1,002,450
29Tanzania945,203
30Nigeria923,768
31Venezuela916,445
32Namibia825,418
33Mozambique801,590
34Pakistan796,095
35Turkey783,562
36Chile756,096
37Zambia752,618
38Burma676,578
39France674,843
40Afghanistan647,500
41Somalia637,657
42Central African Republic622,984
43South Sudan619,745
44Ukraine603,628
45Madagascar587,041
46Botswana581,730
47Kenya580,367
48Yemen527,829
49Thailand513,120
50Spain504,645
51Turkmenistan491,210
52Cameroon475,442
53Papua New Guinea462,840
54Sweden449,964
55Uzbekistan447,400
56Morocco446,550
57Iraq438,317
58Paraguay406,752
59Zimbabwe390,757
60Norway385,252
61Japan377,944
62Germany357,021
63Finland338,424
64Vietnam331,210
65Malaysia329,847
66Ivory Coast322,463
67Poland312,685
68Oman309,501
69Italy301,338
70Philippines300,000
71Ecuador276,841
72Burkina Faso274,200
73New Zealand268,021
74Gabon267,667
75Guinea245,857
76United Kingdom243,610
77Ghana238,535
78Romania238,391
79Laos236,800
80Uganda236,040
81Guyana214,970
82Belarus207,595
83Kyrgyzstan199,900
84Senegal196,723
85Syria185,180
86Uruguay176,215
87Suriname163,821
88Tunisia163,610
89Bangladesh147,570
90Nepal147,181
91Tajikistan143,100
92Greece131,990
93Nicaragua130,373
94Korea, North120,540
95Malawi118,484
96Eritrea117,600
97Benin112,622
98Honduras112,492
99Liberia111,369
100Bulgaria110,994
101Cuba109,884
102Guatemala108,889
103Iceland103,001
104Korea, South100,210
105Hungary93,030
106Portugal92,212
107Jordan89,342
108Serbia88,361
109Azerbaijan86,600
110Austria83,855
111United Arab Emirates83,600
112Czech Republic78,866
113Panama75,517
114Sierra Leone71,740
115Ireland70,273
116Georgia69,700
117Sri Lanka65,610
118Lithuania65,300
119Latvia64,589
120Togo56,785
121Bosnia and Herzegovina51,197
122Costa Rica51,100
123Slovakia49,035
124Dominican Republic48,442
125Estonia45,227
126Denmark43,094
127Netherlands42,508
128Switzerland41,285
129Bhutan38,394
130Taiwan36,193
131Guinea-Bissau36,125
132Moldova33,846
133Belgium30,528
134Lesotho30,355
135Armenia29,743
136Albania28,748
137Solomon Islands28,400
138Burundi27,834
139Haiti27,750
140Rwanda26,338
141Macedonia25,713
142Djibouti23,200
143Belize22,966
144El Salvador21,040
145Israel20,770
146Slovenia20,273
147Fiji18,274
148Kuwait17,820
149Swaziland17,364
150Montenegro13,812
151Vanuatu12,190
152Qatar11,437
153Lebanon10,452
154Cyprus9,251
155Brunei5,765
156Trinidad and Tobago5,131
157Cape Verde4,033
158Samoa2,831
159Luxembourg2,586
160Mauritius2,040
161São Tomé and Príncipe1,001
162Kiribati811
163Dominica790
164Bahrain765
165Tonga748
166Singapore710
167Federated States of Micronesia702
168Saint Lucia617
169Andorra468
170Palau459
171Seychelles451
172Antigua and Barbuda440
173Saint Vincent and the Grenadines389
174Malta316
175Maldives298
176Saint Kitts and Nevis261
177Marshall Islands181
178Liechtenstein160
179Anguilla91
180San Marino61
181Tuvalu26
182Nauru21
183Monaco1
184Vatican City0

Afghanistan


Afghanistan (Persian/Pashto: افغانستان, Afġānistān), officially the Islamic Republic of Afghanistan, is a {landlocked country|country} located in the centre of Asia, forming part of Central Asia, South Asia, and Greater Middle East, it is also considered to be part of a broader West Asia.

It is bordered by Pakistan in the south and the east, Iran in the west, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan and Tajikistan in the north, and China in the far northeast.

Afghanistan has been an ancient focal point of the Silk Road and human migration. Urban civilization may have {begun|started} in the area as early as 3,000 to 2,000 BC. Sitting at an important geostrategic {location|position} that connects the Middle East with Central Asia and the Indian subcontinent, the land has been home to various peoples through the ages and witnessed many military campaigns, notably by Alexander the Great, Genghis Khan, and in modern era Western forces.

The political history of the modern state of Afghanistan begins in 1709 with the rise of the Pashtuns, when the Hotaki dynasty was established in Kandahar followed by Ahmad Shah Durrani's rise to power in 1747. In the late 19th century, Afghanistan became a buffer state in the "Great Game" between the British and Russian empires. Following the Third Anglo-Afghan War of 1919 and the signing of the Treaty of Rawalpindi, King Amanullah started modernization of the country.

During the Cold War, after the withdrawal of the British from neighboring India in 1947, the United States and the Soviet Union began spreading their influence in Afghanistan. Between 1979 and 1989, the country experienced a major war between the US-backed mujahideen forces and the Soviet-backed Afghan government in which over a million Afghans lost their lives mainly due to land-mines.

This was followed by the 1990s Afghan civil war, the rise and fall of the extremist Taliban government and the 2001–present war. In December 2001, the United Nations Security Council authorized the creation of the International Security Assistance Force (ISAF) to help maintain security in Afghanistan and assist the Karzai administration.

The {decades|long time} of war made Afghanistan the world's most dangerous country, including the largest producer of refugees and asylum seekers. While the international community is rebuilding war-torn Afghanistan, terrorist groups such as the Haqqani Network and Hezbi Islami are actively involved in a nationwide Taliban-led insurgency, which includes hundreds of assassinations and suicide attacks.

Afghanistan is a {multiethnic|multicultural} society, and its historical status as a crossroads has contributed significantly to its diverse ethnic makeup. The population of the country is divided into a wide variety of ethnolinguistic groups. Because a systematic census has not been held in the nation in decades, exact figures about the size and composition of the various ethnic groups are unvailable.

The Afghan culture has been around for over two millennia, tracing record to at least the time of the Achaemenid Empire in 500 BCE. It is mostly a nomadic and tribal society, with different regions of the country having their own tradition, reflecting the multi-cultural and multi-lingual character of the nation. In the southern and eastern region, as well as western Pakistan which was {historically|former} part of Afghanistan, the people live according to the Pashtun culture by following Pashtunwali, which is an ancient way of life that is still preserved. The remaining of the country is culturally Persian and Turkic. Some non-Pashtuns who {live|reside} in close proximity with Pashtuns have adopted Pashtunwali in a process called Pashtunization (or Afghanization) while some Pashtuns have been Persianized. Millions of Afghans who {have been living|have been} in Pakistan and Iran over the last 30 years have been influenced by the cultures of those neighboring nations.
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