Taiwan: Länder nach Fläche Länder der Welt > area > Taiwan



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Länder nach Fläche (Taiwan)

LandFlagFläche (km²)
1Russland17,075,400
2Kanada9,984,670
3Vereinigte Staaten von Amerika9,826,680
4China9,640,820
5Brasilien8,514,880
6Australien7,617,930
7Indien3,287,260
8Argentinien2,780,400
9Kasachstan2,724,900
10Algerien2,381,740
11Demokratische Republik Kongo2,345,410
12Saudi Arabien2,250,000
13Mexiko1,972,550
14Indonesien1,904,570
15Sudan1,886,070
16Libyen1,759,540
17Iran1,648,200
18Mongolei1,564,120
19Peru1,285,220
20Niger1,267,000
21Angola1,246,700
22Mali1,240,190
23Südafrika1,221,040
24Kolumbien1,141,750
25Ethiopien1,104,300
26Bolivien1,098,580
27Mauretanien1,030,700
28Ägypten1,002,450
29Tanzania945,203
30Nigeria923,768
31Venezuela916,445
32Namibia825,418
33Mosambik801,590
34Pakistan796,095
35Türkei783,562
36Chile756,096
37Sambia752,618
38Burma676,578
39Frankreich674,843
40Afghanistan647,500
41Somalia637,657
42Zentralafrikanische Republik622,984
43Südsudan619,745
44Ukraine603,628
45Madagaskar587,041
46Botswana581,730
47Kenia580,367
48Jemen527,829
49Thailand513,120
50Spanien504,645
51Turkmenistan491,210
52Kamerun475,442
53Papua Neu Guinea462,840
54Schweden449,964
55Uzbekistan447,400
56Marokko446,550
57Irak438,317
58Paraguay406,752
59Simbabwe390,757
60Norwegen385,252
61Japan377,944
62Deutschland357,021
63Finnland338,424
64Vietnam331,210
65Malaysia329,847
66Elfenbeinküste322,463
67Polen312,685
68Oman309,501
69Italien301,338
70Philippinen300,000
71Ecuador276,841
72Burkina Faso274,200
73Neuseeland268,021
74Gabon267,667
75Guinea245,857
76Großbritannien243,610
77Ghana238,535
78Rumänien238,391
79Laos236,800
80Uganda236,040
81Guyana214,970
82Weißrussland207,595
83Kirgisistan199,900
84Senegal196,723
85Syrien185,180
86Uruguay176,215
87Surinam163,821
88Tunesien163,610
89Bangladesh147,570
90Nepal147,181
91Tajikistan143,100
92Griechenland131,990
93Nicaragua130,373
94Nordkorea120,540
95Malawi118,484
96Eritrea117,600
97Benin112,622
98Honduras112,492
99Liberia111,369
100Bulgarien110,994
101Kuba109,884
102Guatemala108,889
103Island103,001
104Südkorea100,210
105Ungarn93,030
106Portugal92,212
107Jordanien89,342
108Serbien88,361
109Aserbaidschan86,600
110Österreich83,855
111Vereinigte Arabische Emirate83,600
112Tschechische Republik78,866
113Panama75,517
114Sierra Leone71,740
115Irland70,273
116Georgien69,700
117Sri Lanka65,610
118Litauen65,300
119Lettland64,589
120Togo56,785
121Bosnien und Herzegowina51,197
122Costa Rica51,100
123Slowakei49,035
124Dominikanische Republik48,442
125Estland45,227
126Dänemark43,094
127Niederlande42,508
128Schweiz41,285
129Bhutan38,394
130Taiwan36,193
131Guinea-Bissau36,125
132Moldawien33,846
133Belgien30,528
134Lesotho30,355
135Armenien29,743
136Albanien28,748
137Salomonen28,400
138Burundi27,834
139Haiti27,750
140Ruanda26,338
141Mazedonien25,713
142Dschibuti23,200
143Belize22,966
144El Salvador21,040
145Israel20,770
146Slovenien20,273
147Fiji18,274
148Kuwait17,820
149Swaziland17,364
150Montenegro13,812
151Vanuatu12,190
152Qatar11,437
153Libanon10,452
154Zypern9,251
155Brunei5,765
156Trinidad und Tobago5,131
157Kap Verde4,033
158Samoa2,831
159Luxemburg2,586
160Mauritius2,040
161São Tomé und Príncipe1,001
162Kiribati811
163Dominica790
164Bahrain765
165Tonga748
166Singapur710
167Mikronesien702
168St. Lucia617
169Andorra468
170Palau459
171Seychellen451
172Antigua und Barbuda440
173St. Vincent und die Grenadinen389
174Malta316
175Malediven298
176St. Kitts und Nevis261
177Marshallinseln181
178Liechtenstein160
179Anguilla91
180San Marino61
181Tuvalu26
182Nauru21
183Monaco1
184Vatikanstadt0

Taiwan


Taiwan (臺灣, 台灣), officially the Republic of China, is a state in East Asia. Originally based in mainland China, the Republic of China now governs the island of Taiwan (formerly known as Formosa), which makes up over 99% of its current territory, as well as Penghu, Kinmen, Matsu, and other minor islands.

Neighboring states include the People's Republic of China to the west, Japan to the east and northeast, and the Philippines to the south. Taipei is the capital and economic and cultural center of the country, while New Taipei is the most populous city.

The earliest evidence of Taiwan being inhabited is from the late Paleolithic era. The island of Taiwan was mainly inhabited by Taiwanese aborigines before being explored, and later colonized by European powers including Dutch and Spanish in the 17th century. The first Han Chinese polity on Taiwan began in 1662 when Koxinga's troops expelled Dutch forces, and established the Kingdom of Tungning. In 1683, the island was subsequently conquered by the Qing Dynasty.

Following Japan's victory over the Qing Dynasty in the first Sino-Japanese war, Taiwan was ceded to Japan under the Treaty of Shimonoseki in 1895. The Republic of China was established in mainland China in 1912. At the end of World War II in 1945, Japan surrendered Taiwan and associated islands to ROC forces. Following the Chinese civil war in the last three years, Chinese Communists took full control of mainland China and founded the People's Republic of China (PRC) in 1949; the ROC resettled its government to Taiwan, and its power of governance is limited to Taiwan Area. Since the founding of the PRC, international recognition of the ROC has gradually eroded as most countries switched recognition to the PRC. In 1971, the PRC assumed China's seat at the United Nations. Only 22 UN member states and the Holy See currently recognize the ROC as a sovereign state and maintain formal diplomatic relations with it, though it has informal ties with many other states via Taipei Representative Office.

Officially, the ROC government has claimed sovereignty over all of "China", in a definition that includes mainland China and Mongolia, as well as Taiwan, via the ROC Constitution but has not made retaking mainland China a political goal since 1992. However, the government's stance on whether "retaking" or "reuniting" with China is desired or whether Taiwan and China are separate countries or are regions of one country depends on which administration is in power. Meanwhile, the PRC also officially asserts itself to be the sole legal representation of China and actively claims Taiwan to be under its sovereignty, denying the status and existence of ROC as a sovereign state.

It has threatened the use of military force as a response to any formal declaration of Taiwanese independence, or if it deems peaceful reunification no longer possible. Cross-strait relations between Taiwan and China as well as issues of national identity within the country are important factors in Taiwanese politics and a cause of social and political division among political parties and their respective supporters.

In the 1980s and early 1990s, Taiwan evolved into a multi-party democracy with universal suffrage. Building on the infrastructure and education improvements initiated during the Japanese era, Taiwan has experienced rapid economic growth and industrialization during the latter half of the 20th century and is now an advanced industrial economy. It is one of the Four Asian Tigers and a member of the WTO and APEC. The 19th-largest economy in the world, its advanced technology industry plays a key role in the global economy. Taiwan is ranked highly in terms of freedom of the press, health care, public education, economic freedom, and human development.
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