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Länder nach Fläche (Ireland)

LandFlagFläche (km²)
1Russland17,075,400
2Kanada9,984,670
3Vereinigte Staaten von Amerika9,826,680
4China9,640,820
5Brasilien8,514,880
6Australien7,617,930
7Indien3,287,260
8Argentinien2,780,400
9Kasachstan2,724,900
10Algerien2,381,740
11Demokratische Republik Kongo2,345,410
12Saudi Arabien2,250,000
13Mexiko1,972,550
14Indonesien1,904,570
15Sudan1,886,070
16Libyen1,759,540
17Iran1,648,200
18Mongolei1,564,120
19Peru1,285,220
20Niger1,267,000
21Angola1,246,700
22Mali1,240,190
23Südafrika1,221,040
24Kolumbien1,141,750
25Ethiopien1,104,300
26Bolivien1,098,580
27Mauretanien1,030,700
28Ägypten1,002,450
29Tanzania945,203
30Nigeria923,768
31Venezuela916,445
32Namibia825,418
33Mosambik801,590
34Pakistan796,095
35Türkei783,562
36Chile756,096
37Sambia752,618
38Burma676,578
39Frankreich674,843
40Afghanistan647,500
41Somalia637,657
42Zentralafrikanische Republik622,984
43Südsudan619,745
44Ukraine603,628
45Madagaskar587,041
46Botswana581,730
47Kenia580,367
48Jemen527,829
49Thailand513,120
50Spanien504,645
51Turkmenistan491,210
52Kamerun475,442
53Papua Neu Guinea462,840
54Schweden449,964
55Uzbekistan447,400
56Marokko446,550
57Irak438,317
58Paraguay406,752
59Simbabwe390,757
60Norwegen385,252
61Japan377,944
62Deutschland357,021
63Finnland338,424
64Vietnam331,210
65Malaysia329,847
66Elfenbeinküste322,463
67Polen312,685
68Oman309,501
69Italien301,338
70Philippinen300,000
71Ecuador276,841
72Burkina Faso274,200
73Neuseeland268,021
74Gabon267,667
75Guinea245,857
76Großbritannien243,610
77Ghana238,535
78Rumänien238,391
79Laos236,800
80Uganda236,040
81Guyana214,970
82Weißrussland207,595
83Kirgisistan199,900
84Senegal196,723
85Syrien185,180
86Uruguay176,215
87Surinam163,821
88Tunesien163,610
89Bangladesh147,570
90Nepal147,181
91Tajikistan143,100
92Griechenland131,990
93Nicaragua130,373
94Nordkorea120,540
95Malawi118,484
96Eritrea117,600
97Benin112,622
98Honduras112,492
99Liberia111,369
100Bulgarien110,994
101Kuba109,884
102Guatemala108,889
103Island103,001
104Südkorea100,210
105Ungarn93,030
106Portugal92,212
107Jordanien89,342
108Serbien88,361
109Aserbaidschan86,600
110Österreich83,855
111Vereinigte Arabische Emirate83,600
112Tschechische Republik78,866
113Panama75,517
114Sierra Leone71,740
115Irland70,273
116Georgien69,700
117Sri Lanka65,610
118Litauen65,300
119Lettland64,589
120Togo56,785
121Bosnien und Herzegowina51,197
122Costa Rica51,100
123Slowakei49,035
124Dominikanische Republik48,442
125Estland45,227
126Dänemark43,094
127Niederlande42,508
128Schweiz41,285
129Bhutan38,394
130Taiwan36,193
131Guinea-Bissau36,125
132Moldawien33,846
133Belgien30,528
134Lesotho30,355
135Armenien29,743
136Albanien28,748
137Salomonen28,400
138Burundi27,834
139Haiti27,750
140Ruanda26,338
141Mazedonien25,713
142Dschibuti23,200
143Belize22,966
144El Salvador21,040
145Israel20,770
146Slovenien20,273
147Fiji18,274
148Kuwait17,820
149Swaziland17,364
150Montenegro13,812
151Vanuatu12,190
152Qatar11,437
153Libanon10,452
154Zypern9,251
155Brunei5,765
156Trinidad und Tobago5,131
157Kap Verde4,033
158Samoa2,831
159Luxemburg2,586
160Mauritius2,040
161São Tomé und Príncipe1,001
162Kiribati811
163Dominica790
164Bahrain765
165Tonga748
166Singapur710
167Mikronesien702
168St. Lucia617
169Andorra468
170Palau459
171Seychellen451
172Antigua und Barbuda440
173St. Vincent und die Grenadinen389
174Malta316
175Malediven298
176St. Kitts und Nevis261
177Marshallinseln181
178Liechtenstein160
179Anguilla91
180San Marino61
181Tuvalu26
182Nauru21
183Monaco1
184Vatikanstadt0

Irland


Ireland, also known as the Republic of Ireland, is a sovereign state in Europe occupying about five-sixths of the island of Ireland. It is a constitutional republic governed as a parliamentary democracy, with an elected president serving as head of state. The head of government—called the Taoiseach—is nominated by the lower house of parliament (Dáil Éireann). The capital is Dublin in the east of the island. The state shares its only land border with Northern Ireland, a part of the United Kingdom. It is otherwise surrounded by the Atlantic Ocean, with the Celtic Sea to the south, Saint George's Channel to the south east, and the Irish Sea to the east.

The modern Irish state gained independence from the United Kingdom in 1922 following a war of independence resulting in the Anglo-Irish Treaty, with Northern Ireland exercising an option to remain in the United Kingdom. Initially a dominion within the British Empire called the Irish Free State, a new constitution and the name of "Ireland" were adopted in 1937.

In 1949 the remaining duties of the British monarch were removed and Ireland was declared a republic, with the description Republic of Ireland. Ireland had no formal relations with Northern Ireland for most of the 20th century, but since 1999 they co-operate on a number of policy areas under the North-South Ministerial Council created under the Good Friday Agreement.

Whilst Ireland today ranks amongst the wealthiest countries in the world in terms of GDP per capita, the country was once one of the poorest in Europe. Economic protectionism was dismantled in the late 1950s and Ireland joined the European Economic Community in 1973. Economic liberalism from the late 1980s onwards resulted in rapid economic expansion, particularly from 1995 to 2007, which became known as the Celtic Tiger period. An unprecedented financial crisis beginning in 2008 ended this era of rapid economic growth.

A developed country with the seventh highest Human Development Index, Ireland is also highly ranked for press, economic and political freedom. Ireland is a member of the European Union and is a founding member of the Council of Europe and the OECD. It pursues a policy of neutrality through non-alignment and consequently is not a member of NATO, although it does participate in Partnership for Peace.
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