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Länder nach Fläche (China)

LandFlagFläche (km²)
1Russland17,075,400
2Kanada9,984,670
3Vereinigte Staaten von Amerika9,826,680
4China9,640,820
5Brasilien8,514,880
6Australien7,617,930
7Indien3,287,260
8Argentinien2,780,400
9Kasachstan2,724,900
10Algerien2,381,740
11Demokratische Republik Kongo2,345,410
12Saudi Arabien2,250,000
13Mexiko1,972,550
14Indonesien1,904,570
15Sudan1,886,070
16Libyen1,759,540
17Iran1,648,200
18Mongolei1,564,120
19Peru1,285,220
20Niger1,267,000
21Angola1,246,700
22Mali1,240,190
23Südafrika1,221,040
24Kolumbien1,141,750
25Ethiopien1,104,300
26Bolivien1,098,580
27Mauretanien1,030,700
28Ägypten1,002,450
29Tanzania945,203
30Nigeria923,768
31Venezuela916,445
32Namibia825,418
33Mosambik801,590
34Pakistan796,095
35Türkei783,562
36Chile756,096
37Sambia752,618
38Burma676,578
39Frankreich674,843
40Afghanistan647,500
41Somalia637,657
42Zentralafrikanische Republik622,984
43Südsudan619,745
44Ukraine603,628
45Madagaskar587,041
46Botswana581,730
47Kenia580,367
48Jemen527,829
49Thailand513,120
50Spanien504,645
51Turkmenistan491,210
52Kamerun475,442
53Papua Neu Guinea462,840
54Schweden449,964
55Uzbekistan447,400
56Marokko446,550
57Irak438,317
58Paraguay406,752
59Simbabwe390,757
60Norwegen385,252
61Japan377,944
62Deutschland357,021
63Finnland338,424
64Vietnam331,210
65Malaysia329,847
66Elfenbeinküste322,463
67Polen312,685
68Oman309,501
69Italien301,338
70Philippinen300,000
71Ecuador276,841
72Burkina Faso274,200
73Neuseeland268,021
74Gabon267,667
75Guinea245,857
76Großbritannien243,610
77Ghana238,535
78Rumänien238,391
79Laos236,800
80Uganda236,040
81Guyana214,970
82Weißrussland207,595
83Kirgisistan199,900
84Senegal196,723
85Syrien185,180
86Uruguay176,215
87Surinam163,821
88Tunesien163,610
89Bangladesh147,570
90Nepal147,181
91Tajikistan143,100
92Griechenland131,990
93Nicaragua130,373
94Nordkorea120,540
95Malawi118,484
96Eritrea117,600
97Benin112,622
98Honduras112,492
99Liberia111,369
100Bulgarien110,994
101Kuba109,884
102Guatemala108,889
103Island103,001
104Südkorea100,210
105Ungarn93,030
106Portugal92,212
107Jordanien89,342
108Serbien88,361
109Aserbaidschan86,600
110Österreich83,855
111Vereinigte Arabische Emirate83,600
112Tschechische Republik78,866
113Panama75,517
114Sierra Leone71,740
115Irland70,273
116Georgien69,700
117Sri Lanka65,610
118Litauen65,300
119Lettland64,589
120Togo56,785
121Bosnien und Herzegowina51,197
122Costa Rica51,100
123Slowakei49,035
124Dominikanische Republik48,442
125Estland45,227
126Dänemark43,094
127Niederlande42,508
128Schweiz41,285
129Bhutan38,394
130Taiwan36,193
131Guinea-Bissau36,125
132Moldawien33,846
133Belgien30,528
134Lesotho30,355
135Armenien29,743
136Albanien28,748
137Salomonen28,400
138Burundi27,834
139Haiti27,750
140Ruanda26,338
141Mazedonien25,713
142Dschibuti23,200
143Belize22,966
144El Salvador21,040
145Israel20,770
146Slovenien20,273
147Fiji18,274
148Kuwait17,820
149Swaziland17,364
150Montenegro13,812
151Vanuatu12,190
152Qatar11,437
153Libanon10,452
154Zypern9,251
155Brunei5,765
156Trinidad und Tobago5,131
157Kap Verde4,033
158Samoa2,831
159Luxemburg2,586
160Mauritius2,040
161São Tomé und Príncipe1,001
162Kiribati811
163Dominica790
164Bahrain765
165Tonga748
166Singapur710
167Mikronesien702
168St. Lucia617
169Andorra468
170Palau459
171Seychellen451
172Antigua und Barbuda440
173St. Vincent und die Grenadinen389
174Malta316
175Malediven298
176St. Kitts und Nevis261
177Marshallinseln181
178Liechtenstein160
179Anguilla91
180San Marino61
181Tuvalu26
182Nauru21
183Monaco1
184Vatikanstadt0

China


China (中国) is the world's most populous country, with a population of over 1.3 billion.

The People's Republic of China is a single-party state governed by the Communist Party of China. It exercises jurisdiction over 22 provinces, five autonomous regions, four directly controlled municipalities (Beijing, Tianjin, Shanghai, and Chongqing), and two mostly self-governing special administrative regions (Hong Kong and Macau).

Its capital city is Beijing.

The PRC also claims Taiwan — which is controlled by the Republic of China (ROC), a separate political entity—as its 23rd province, a claim controversial due to the complex political status of Taiwan and the unresolved Chinese Civil War. The PRC government denies the legitimacy of the ROC.

China's landscape is vast and diverse, with forest steppes and the Gobi and Taklamakan deserts occupying the arid north and northwest near Mongolia and Central Asia, and subtropical forests being prevalent in the wetter south near Southeast Asia. The terrain of western China is rugged and elevated, with the Himalaya, Karakoram, Pamir and Tian Shan mountain ranges separating China from South and Central Asia. The Yangtze and Yellow Rivers, the third- and sixth-longest in the world, have their sources in the Tibetan Plateau and continue to the densely populated eastern seaboard. China's coastline along the Pacific Ocean is 14,500 kilometres long—the 11th-longest in the world—and is bounded by the Bohai, Yellow, East and South China Seas.
The nation of China has had numerous historical incarnations. The ancient Chinese civilization—one of the world's earliest—flourished in the fertile basin of the Yellow River in the North China Plain. China's political system was based on hereditary monarchies, known as dynasties, beginning with the semi-mythological Xia of the Yellow River basin (approx. 2000 BC) and ending with the fall of the Qing Dynasty in 1911. Since 221 BC, when the Qin Dynasty first conquered several states to form a Chinese empire, the country has expanded, fractured and been reformed numerous times. The Republic of China, founded in 1911 after the overthrow of the Qing dynasty, ruled the Chinese mainland until 1949. In 1945, the ROC acquired Taiwan from Japan following World War II.

In the 1946–1949 phase of the Chinese Civil War, the Chinese Communist Party defeated the nationalist Kuomintang in mainland China and established the People's Republic of China in Beijing on 1 October 1949. The Kuomintang relocated the ROC government to Taiwan, establishing its capital in Taipei. The ROC's jurisdiction is now limited to Taiwan and several outlying islands, including Penghu, Kinmen and Matsu. Since 1949, the People's Republic of China and the Republic of China (now widely known as "Taiwan") have remained in dispute over the sovereignty of China and the political status of Taiwan, mutually claiming each other's territory and competing for international diplomatic recognition. In 1971, the PRC gained admission to the United Nations and took the Chinese seat as a permanent member of the U.N. Security Council. China is also a member of numerous formal and informal multilateral organizations, including the WTO, APEC, BRICS, the Shanghai Cooperation Organisation, the BCIM and the G-20. As of August 2012, all but 23 countries have recognized the PRC as the sole legitimate government of China.
Since the introduction of economic reforms in 1978, China has become the world's fastest-growing major economy.

As of 2012, it is the world's second-largest economy, after the United States, by both nominal GDP and purchasing power parity (PPP), and is also the world's largest exporter and second-largest importer of goods. On a per capita income basis, China ranked 90th by nominal GDP and 91st by GDP (PPP) in 2011, according to the IMF. China is a recognized nuclear weapons state and has the world's largest standing army, with the second-largest defense budget. In 2003, China became the third nation in the world, after the former Soviet Union and the United States, to independently launch a successful manned space mission. China has been characterized as a potential superpower by a number of academics, military analysts, and public policy and economics analysts.
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